By Date


  • 15-March-2018

    English

    Facilitating the Reform of Economic Instruments for Water Management in Georgia

    This study assesses the use of economic instruments for water resources management in Georgia and considers options for reform following the 2014 signature of an Association Agreement with the EU committing to alignment with the EU’s Water Framework Directive. This includes the systematic use of economic instruments, including water pricing, to recover the cost of water services provided to households, industry and farmers, among other measures.Three main economic instruments are recommended in this study: 1) the introduction of a licensing regime and charges for both surface water and groundwater abstraction, 2) the restoration of a licencing and charging regime for all forms of water pollution, and 3) more rigorous enforcement of these measures, including more active monitoring and higher fines for offenders. Implementing these measures will be greatly facilitated by the enactment of the new Water Law now being examined by the government of Georgia.
  • 7-March-2018

    English

    Global Forum on the Environment and Climate Change - organised by the Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) - March 2018

    7-8 March 2018 - The Global Forum brought together delegates from both OECD and non-OECD countries to discuss the theme of transparency of reporting on technology transfer, capacity-building and financial support, accounting for baseline NDC targets, indicative climate finance, Article 6 and common timeframes; and the role of land-use in the transition to a low-carbon and climate resilient economy.

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  • 2-March-2018

    English

    Working Paper: Leveraging the Smart Grid: The Effect of Real-Time Information on Consumer Decisions

    This report reviews the literature on the impact of real-time information provision on consumer decision-making. In addition, it describes the results of a study in which about 7000 households in Ontario, Canada were provided with in-home displays linked to smart meters that provided real-time feedback on electricity consumption.

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  • 1-March-2018

    English

    Environmental taxation

    A broader use of environmental taxation or emission trading systems would be one of the most efficient and effective ways of promoting green growth.

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  • 26-February-2018

    English

    Insights blog: Building Biodiversity-Friendly Economies

    We are losing diversity of life on Earth at an alarming rate – one tenth of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity and one third of freshwater biodiversity has been wiped out since 1970. And we’re on course to lose another 10% of terrestrial species by 2050.

  • 21-February-2018

    English

    OECD Companion to the Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels 2018

    This report is concerned with policies that directly support the production or consumption of fossil fuels in OECD countries and in a selection of partner economies. It provides a useful complement to the online OECD database that identifies and estimates direct budgetary transfers and tax expenditures benefitting fossil fuels, and from which it derives summary results and indicators on support to fossil fuels, as well as policy recommendations.This report emphasises the problems that fossil-fuel subsidies cause in the context of broader policy efforts to mitigate greenhouse-gas emissions, and reviews the various reform initiatives that have already been taken at the international level (G-20, APEC, etc.). In addition, it presents methods for combining the IEA and OECD support estimates and for measuring the support element of government credit assistance.
  • 19-February-2018

    English, PDF, 1,849kb

    Policy Paper: Sustainable Financing for Marine Ecosystem Services in Mauritania and Guinea Bissau - Country Study

    This paper summarises efforts in two West African countries – Mauritania and Guinea-Bissau – to mobilise international finance to sustain the marine biodiversity upon which fisheries depend, and to establish conservation trust funds. The countries study draws on the 2017 OECD report The Political Economy of Biodiversity Policy Reform.

  • 16-February-2018

    English

    Waste containing nanomaterials

    Nanomaterials are increasingly used in a variety of products (such as sunscreen, cosmetics, antibacterial textiles). The OECD is working to understand the emerging issue of waste containing nanomaterials and to attract attention to the risks linked to the presence of nanomaterials in waste treatment processes.

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  • 15-February-2018

    English

    Economic instruments for sustainable materials management

    The OECD work on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is an established principle of environmental policy in an increasing range of countries. It aims to make producers responsible for the environmental impacts of their products throughout the product chain, from design to the post-consumer phase.

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  • 14-February-2018

    English

    Extended Producer Responsibility

    OECD defines Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) as an environmental policy approach in which a producer's responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product's life cycle.

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