7-8 March 2018 - The Global Forum brought together delegates from both OECD and non-OECD countries to discuss the theme of transparency of reporting on technology transfer, capacity-building and financial support, accounting for baseline NDC targets, indicative climate finance, Article 6 and common timeframes; and the role of land-use in the transition to a low-carbon and climate resilient economy.
This report reviews the literature on the impact of real-time information provision on consumer decision-making. In addition, it describes the results of a study in which about 7000 households in Ontario, Canada were provided with in-home displays linked to smart meters that provided real-time feedback on electricity consumption.
A broader use of environmental taxation or emission trading systems would be one of the most efficient and effective ways of promoting green growth.
We are losing diversity of life on Earth at an alarming rate – one tenth of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity and one third of freshwater biodiversity has been wiped out since 1970. And we’re on course to lose another 10% of terrestrial species by 2050.
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This paper summarises efforts in two West African countries – Mauritania and Guinea-Bissau – to mobilise international finance to sustain the marine biodiversity upon which fisheries depend, and to establish conservation trust funds. The countries study draws on the 2017 OECD report The Political Economy of Biodiversity Policy Reform.
Nanomaterials are increasingly used in a variety of products (such as sunscreen, cosmetics, antibacterial textiles). The OECD is working to understand the emerging issue of waste containing nanomaterials and to attract attention to the risks linked to the presence of nanomaterials in waste treatment processes.
The OECD work on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is an established principle of environmental policy in an increasing range of countries. It aims to make producers responsible for the environmental impacts of their products throughout the product chain, from design to the post-consumer phase.
OECD defines Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) as an environmental policy approach in which a producer's responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product's life cycle.