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  • 25-August-2019

    English

    OECD action on water

    The Sustainable Development Goals highlight the importance that the global community places on water. There is increasing demand for innovative and effective approaches to water management. With competing demands on water, maintaining environmental sustainability and meeting the needs of the vulnerable members of society must both be addressed. Find out on how the OECD provides policy guidance to OECD members and non-OECD countries.

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  • 25-August-2019

    English

    OECD at Stockholm World Water Week 2019

    The OECD will be actively participating in this event on the theme “Water for society – Including all” from 25-29 August through a series of events and by taking part in a number of workshops and seminars. Read more on the programme. Save the date on 27 August for the launch of the OECD report "Pharmaceutical Residues in Freshwater: Hazards and Policy Response".

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  • 16-August-2019

    English

    Flexibility mechanisms in environmental regulations: Their use and impacts - Environment Working Paper

    Based on an in-depth literature review and responses to a survey among OECD member countries, this paper discusses the use of flexibility mechanisms in environmental regulations. The literature on these issues is limited, but it is clear that some such mechanisms can have important environmental and economic impacts.

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  • 16-August-2019

    English

    Environment Working Papers

    This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues related to biodiversity, chemicals, climate change, country environmental performance, environmental-economic modelling, environmental innovation and taxes, green investment, plastic, trade, transport, waste and water.

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  • 12-August-2019

    English

    Are environmental tax policies beneficial? Learning from programme evaluation studies - Environment Working Paper

    This paper provides a concrete example of how policy analysts can use empirical programme evaluation studies to perform ex-post assessments of environmentally related tax policies. A number of studies credibly identify causal effects of environmentally related tax policies, but do not necessarily provide all the information needed to fully inform the policy-making process.

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  • 9-August-2019

    English

    Work country programmes and National Policy Dialogues on water in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia

    The regional component of the EU Water Initiative (EUWI) focuses on Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). It supports work of the European Neighbourhood Policy and of the EU-Central Asia Platform for Environment and Water Cooperation, and helps to promote the progressive approximation to EU water policies, particularly to the EU Water Framework Directive, in EECCA countries.

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  • 9-August-2019

    English

    EU Water Initiative (EUWI): Water Policy Reforms in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA)

    The objective of the European Union Water Initiative is to create the conditions for mobilising all available EU resources (human & financial), and to co-ordinate them to achieve the water-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in partner countries. This initiative was launched at the World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002.

  • 31-July-2019

    English

    OECD action on biodiversity and ecosystems

    The OECD work on biodiversity promotes policies that are environmentally effective, economically efficient and distrubtionally equitable. OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems also supports the work of the UN Convention on Biological Biodiversity. Find out more on how the OECD is supporting action on biodiversity.

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  • 30-July-2019

    English

    Enhancing the Economic Regulatory System for Moldova’s Water Supply and Sanitation

    This report aims to support the development of a sound economic regulatory system for the water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector in the Republic of Moldova (hereafter 'Moldova'). The prevailing policy framework calls for drastic developments in WSS to modernise and optimise WSS systems and improve operational efficiency (non-revenue water, staff-output ratios etc.) – in line with domestic and international commitments (including the Association Agreement with the European Union, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement and the national WSS strategy). This report outlines ways and means for strengthening the capacity of the Moldovan government to provide sound regulation and that of WSS operators to deliver higher standards of service while ensuring the affordability of WSS services. Such a transition cannot happen overnight. It requires a sound economic regulatory system conducive to affordability, cost recovery and debt servicing, and a realistic performance improvement path for water utilities.
  • 30-July-2019

    English

    Addressing Industrial Air Pollution in Kazakhstan - Reforming Environmental Payments Policy Guidelines

    Kazakhstan has recorded impressive economic growth rates since its independence, driven mainly by export of commodities and high rate of energy use. These rates are not sustainable and are generating significant air pollution, in particular from industrial stationary sources. This is putting at risk the country’s development ambitions to become one of the top global economies by 2050 and converge towards OECD living standards. Building on OECD previous analysis, this publication shows that Kazakhstan’s environmental payments (environmentally related taxes, non-compliance penalties and compensation for damage regulation) for industrial air pollutants, as currently applied, impede energy efficiency and pollution abatement with heavy-handed non-compliance responses and focus on rising revenues. They also add to the cost of doing businesses in the country with limited environmental benefit. In the spirit of the Polluter-Pays Principle, much more reforms of regulation of environmental payments are needed. This report provides guidelines for reform drawing from air pollution regulations in OECD member countries and the results of the analysis of the system in Kazakhstan carried out by the OECD in close co-operation with the Government of Kazakhstan.
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