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The OECD has produced a series of Environmental Outlooks to help policy makers understand the scale and context of the environmental challenges they face in the coming decades, as well as the economic and environmental implications of the policies that could be used to address these challenges.
Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.
This publication examines the critical issues surrounding water security (water shortage, water excess, inadequate water quality, the resilience of freshwater systems), providing a rationale for a risk-based approach and the management of trade-offs between water and other (sectoral and environmental) policies.
Launch of the OECD’s flagship report on Water Security for Better Lives. we, human beings and our ecosystems - the planet - cannot survive without water. And the challenges ahead of us are daunting.
What remains to be done to provide access to clean and safe water resources for all? Undeniable progress has been made, but huge challenges remain. The OECD stands ready to continue to help governments design and implement better water policies for better lives.
The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.
This report sets out the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides guidance on how to navigate this new “waterscape”. It highlights trends and practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation covering all 34 member countries and the EC. Each country profiles provide a snapshot of the challenges posed by climate change for freshwater and the emerging policy responses.
Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.
Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.
This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.