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The OECD supports countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) to reconcile their environment and economic goals thus addressing the heavy environmental legacy of the Soviet model of development. This support is provided within the framework of the Task Force for the Implementation of the Environmental Action Programme (the EAP Task Force).
This report evaluates how well EECCA countries have done in ensuring people’s access to adequate water supply and sanitation services since their Economic, Finance, and Environment Ministers adopted the Almaty Guiding Principles to support such efforts in 2000.
7th “Environment for Europe” Ministerial Conference took place in Astana (Kazakhstan) on 21-23 September 2011. Two main themes: sustainable management of water and water-related ecosystems and greening the economy: mainstreaming the environment into economic development.
This report aims to help Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) environmental administrations to harness the potential benefits of on-going public finance reforms in the region.
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This paper presents a summary of the major lessons learnt from the review of five cases of performance-based contracting in the water sector in three countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), namely Armenia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.
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В Казахстане разработан широкий свод экологических законов и действует система реагирования на несоблюде
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Kazakhstan has developed an extensive corpus of environmental laws and put in place a system of non-compliance response in order to make environmental law work. This system foresees administrative, civil, and criminal liability and provides for administrative and judicial paths of enforcement.&l
In Russia 47 million people are exposed to high concentrations of nitrous dioxide. Half the population in rural Tajikistan, and one-third in Moldova, lack access to clean water. Leaded petrol is sold legally in Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.