Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.
China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.
The single most important challenge China is facing is that of the shift from export-led growth to an economic and growth model driven by domestic consumption and a better quality of life for its citizens, according to OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
Chinese, , 2,639kb
Chinese version of the eco-innovation policies in China report.
Country case studies of China, Japan, Netherlands, South Africa and the United States in measures that may hamper trade in steel scrap, recovered paper and plastic scrap, and if and how they could be removed without compromising environmental protection.
English, , 522kb
This report provides an inventory of eco-innovation policies in China. Similar reports are available on selected non-EU OECD members. They complement national roadmaps developed by EU member states under ETAP.
Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. This report examines the strategies and instruments that governments use to ensure compliance with pollution prevention and control regulations.
In his speech delivered at the China Development Forum, Mr Gurria described the growing OECD collaboration with China, highlighting the benefits for China, the Organisation and for the world economy as a whole.
This report examines progress made by China since 1990 and evaluates the extent to which the country’s domestic objectives and international commitments are being met. 51 recommendations are made that could help strengthen China's environmental performance in the context of sustainable development.