The Canadian food and agriculture sector is for the most part competitive and export-oriented: although challenges and opportunities vary significantly between regions, primary agriculture benefits from an abundance of natural resources and faces limited environmental constraints. Negative environmental impacts of agriculture relate mainly to local water pollution by agricultural nutrients. Productivity growth, resulting from innovation and structural change, has driven production and income growth without significantly increasing pressure on resource use. Nonetheless, the capacity to innovate is crucial to take advantage of the growing and changing demand for food and agricultural products at the global level.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.
This report sets out the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides guidance on how to navigate this new “waterscape”. It highlights trends and practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation covering all 34 member countries and the EC. Each country profiles provide a snapshot of the challenges posed by climate change for freshwater and the emerging policy responses.
This publication presents the main results and policy implications of an OECD survey of more than 10 000 households in 10 countries. It offers new insight into what policy measures really work, looking at what factors affect people’s behaviour towards the environment.
This report reviews policies in OECD countries. It studies selected eco-innovations (e.g. carbon capture and storage, electric vehicles and fuel cells) and explains why policies differ in Canada, France, or Germany.
This book examines the environmental impacts of international maritime transport, and looks more in detail at the impacts stemming from near-port shipping activities, the handling of the goods in the ports and from the distribution of the goods to the surrounding regions.
As part of the project “Environmental Impacts of International Shipping: the role of ports”, this case study focuses on the way the port of metro Vancouver and the Canadian authorities address the environmental impacts of the port and its interactions with the hinterlands.
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In 2008, the OECD carried out a survey of people's behaviour towards the environment in ten OECD countries and five areas including energy. This article from the OECD Observer provides information on the findings that emerge from this survey in the water area.
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In 2008, the OECD carried out a survey of people's behaviour towards the environment in ten OECD countries and five areas including energy. This article from the OECD Observer provides information on the findings that emerge from this survey in the energy area.