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Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.
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This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Brazil. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity eneration, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.
In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.
Brazil has joined an OECD chemical testing agreement that allows countries to share and accept each other’s results, saving money for governments and industry and reducing the risk of trade disputes.
This working paper reviews 10 in–depth case studies of urban projects proposed and operating within the realm of Joint Implementation (JI) and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. Environment Working Paper No. 29.
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This study discusses the impact of liberalizing trade in environmental goods and services in Brazil. (OECD Trade and Environment Working Paper No. 2004-04.)
This paper examines the challenge of improving the economic viability of sustainable forestry and development of new markets, suggesting a variety of ways to structure leases and a number of policies to implement the process of demand augmentation and ecological certification programs.