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The OECD supports countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) to reconcile their environment and economic goals thus addressing the heavy environmental legacy of the Soviet model of development. This support is provided within the framework of the Task Force for the Implementation of the Environmental Action Programme (the EAP Task Force).
This report evaluates how well EECCA countries have done in ensuring people’s access to adequate water supply and sanitation services since their Economic, Finance, and Environment Ministers adopted the Almaty Guiding Principles to support such efforts in 2000.
This report aims to help Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) environmental administrations to harness the potential benefits of on-going public finance reforms in the region.
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This paper presents a summary of the major lessons learnt from the review of five cases of performance-based contracting in the water sector in three countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), namely Armenia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.
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The project on promoting the use of performance-based contracts in the water sector seeks to support selected EECCA municipalities in their efforts to contractualise or to improve the contractual relationship with their water utility.
In Russia 47 million people are exposed to high concentrations of nitrous dioxide. Half the population in rural Tajikistan, and one-third in Moldova, lack access to clean water. Leaded petrol is sold legally in Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.
This book provides a review of progress in achieving the Strategy's objectives, and provides a solid analytical base for discussions on future environmental co-operation between EECCA countries and their partners.
This report draws on three detailed case studies in Eastern Europe, the Caucases and Central Asia (EECCA), and on the experience of OECD countries to provide guidance on how transfers from central budgets to local authorities could be designed to finance environmental infrastructures in transition economies.
Ideally, the costs of water supply and sanitation should be covered by user charges. However, the high investment costs and
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This data-base was prepared to help rural communities and water users associations in EECCA countries identify options for WSS infrastructure development in rural areas that are feasible from the financial (investment and oper-ating costs) point of view and could be sustained by rural communitie