The OECD provides governments with analysis to support the development of biodiversity policies that are economically efficient, environmentally effective and distributionally equitable. Policy analysis by the OECD focuses on the economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and the use of economic instruments, incentives, and other policy measures to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. This work also supports the Convention on Biological Diversity.
- Marine Protected Areas: Economics, Management and Effective Policy Mixes, June 2017 - Pressures on marine ecosystems from human activities are already severe and the often competing demands for marine space and resources are projected to rise. The report examines recent developments and experiences with marine protected areas (MPAs) around the world and provides good practice insights for more effective MPAs. Download the Policy Highlights in PDF.
BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEMS
OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems is examing a number of key areas of current and emerging policy priorities. These include:
- Biodiversity and Development - Mainstreaming and Managing for Results - this ongoing work is focusing on the three key areas namely mainstreaming biodiversity and development objectives at the national level, at the sectoral level (e.g. in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry), in development co-operation, and how to monitor and evaluate mainstreaming performance over time. It is a joint project between the OECD Environment Directorate and the Development Co-operation Directorate.
BIODIVERSITY OFFSETS: EFFECTIVE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
- This report examines the key design and implementation features that need to be considered to ensure that biodiversity offset programmes are environmentally effective, economically efficient, and distributionally equitable.
- Biodiversity offsets are being increasingly used in a wide range of sectors as a mechanism to help compensate for the adverse effects caused by development projects in a variety of ecosystems. In this report, insights and lessons learned are drawn from more than 40 case studies from around the world, with an additional 3 in-depth country case studies from the United States, Germany and Mexico.
Download the Highlights - PDF version
SCALING-UP FINANCE MECHANISMS FOR BIODIVERSITY
- This report examines six mechanisms that can be used to scale-up financing for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use and to help meet the 2011-20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Drawing on literature and more than 40 case studies worldwide, this book addresses the following questions:
- What are these mechanisms and how do they work?
- How much finance have they mobilised and what potential is there to scale this up?
- What are the key design and implementation issues that need to be addressed so that governments can ensure these mechanisms are environmentally effective, economically efficient and distributionally equitable?
Download the Highlights - PDF version
Key THEMATIC Areas
- OECD side event at SDG 14 Oceans Preparatory meeting on 15-16 February 2017, NY. Delivering on Sustainable Oceans for the SDGs - with presentations on Marine Protected Areas: Economics, Management and Effective Policy Mixes; The Ocean Economy in 2030; and Data on Fisheries Support Estimate.
- OECD side event on Mainstreaming biodiversity and development at the CBD COP13 in Cancun, Mexico, on 7 December 2016. The event highlighted the main opportunities, challenges and lessons learned on mainstreaming biodiversity and development; and drew on preliminary messages from an on-going OECD project that examines mainstreaming efforts in a range of countries, at national and sectoral levels.
- Other OECD presentations at CBD COP13 available here.
- International Day for Biological Diversity: What is biodiversity mainstreaming? Insights Blog, 22 May 2016.
- Workshop on Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results, OECD Headquarters, France, 18 February 2015. This workshop, jointly convened by the Environment and the Development Co-operation Directorates, brought together over 85 representatives from the biodiversity and development co-operation communities to share experiences and insights on the key opportunities and challenges to mainstreaming biodiversity into development policies and planning and into development co-operation.
CONTACT & SOCIAL MEDIA