This environment forum (Tokyo, 17-19/06) discussed EPR schemes in which the responsibility of producers for their products is extended to include the social costs of waste management, including the environmental impact of waste disposal of their products.
Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs.
Carbon pricing mechanisms must be mutually supportive, cost-effective, and sustainable in order to inspire confidence to invest in technologies and infrastructure that shift production and consumption decisions towards low-carbon choices.
Climate change poses serious challenges to countries' social and economic development. The OECD provides the analytical foundations needed to develop efficient and effective adaptation policies in developing and developed countries.
This environmental-economic modelling work is aimed to assist governments in identifying least-cost policies or policy mixes to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and assesses the cost and impacts of possible post-2012 international frameworks, among other applications.