This online tool is showcasing information on policies and statistics related to climate change mitigation in all 34 OECD countries, 10 partner economies and the European Union. Click on "countries" to access detailed country profiles.
Biodiversity offsets are being used as a mechanism to help compensate for the adverse effects caused by development projects in a variety of ecosystems. How to ensure that these programmes are environmentally effective, economically efficient, and distributionally equitable?
10% of terrestrial biodiversity is projected to be lost by 2050 and pressures on marine ecosystems are on the rise. The OECD participated in the Convention of Biological Diversity in Cancun (COP13) to discuss how to mitigate these trends, with mainstreaming biodiversity as the key theme.
Each country must spell out a credible roadmap for action consistent with the goal of holding the average temperature increase to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 °C.”; said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría
It is clear that further degradation of the environment and natural capital can compromise prospects for future economic growth and human well-being. The CIRCLE project aims to identify how feedback from poor environmental quality, climatic change and resource scarcity affect economic growth, and how policies may alter this.
Without new policies, by 2050, freshwater availability will be further strained and 3.9 billion people will be living in river basins experiencing severe water stress.
People, economic activity, and environmental amenities are unevenly distributed across space. Spatial planning, the public policy toolbox used to alter their distribution, is one domain where the tensions between economic and environmental objectives are particularly acute and expected to escalate as demand for housing, energy, food, fibre, but also ecosystem services, are growing.