“Cities have the potential to make a great difference in the global effort to confront climate change: They account for more than 70 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and two-thirds of the world’s energy use today,” Mr. Gurría and Mr. Bloomberg stated.
Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs.
Carbon pricing mechanisms must be mutually supportive, cost-effective, and sustainable in order to inspire confidence to invest in technologies and infrastructure that shift production and consumption decisions towards low-carbon choices.
Climate change poses serious challenges to countries' social and economic development. The OECD provides the analytical foundations needed to develop efficient and effective adaptation policies in developing and developed countries.
This environmental-economic modelling work is aimed to assist governments in identifying least-cost policies or policy mixes to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and assesses the cost and impacts of possible post-2012 international frameworks, among other applications.