Environment Directorate

Water and Climate Change Adaptation

Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters

In series:OECD Studies on Waterview more titles

Published on September 02, 2013

Also available in: French

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This report sets out the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides policy guidance on how to navigate this new “waterscape”. It highlights the range of expected changes in the water cycle and the challenge of making practical, on-site adaptation decisions for water. It offers policymakers a risk-based approach to better “know”, “target” and “manage” water risks and proposes policy guidelines to prioritise action and improve the efficiency, timeliness and equity of adaptation responses.

The report also highlights general trends and good practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation, covering all 34 member countries and the European Commission. Individual country profiles are available, which provide a snapshot of the challenges posed by climate change for freshwater and the emerging policy responses (on-line only).

Finally, the report highlights the benefits of well-designed economic instruments (e.g. insurance schemes, water trading, water pricing), ecosystem-based approaches and ‘real options’ approaches to financing. These approaches can improve the flexibility of water policy and investment, reducing the cost of adjusting to changing conditions.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Preface
Abbreviations
Executive summary
A changing and uncertain future for freshwater
A risk-based approach to adapting water systems to climate change
Climate change adaptation for water systems in OECD countries
Improving flexibility: Adaptive governance, policy options and financing approaches
Using hindsight to guide the future: Concluding remarks
Country Profiles35 chapters available
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Luxembourg
Mexico
The Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
European Commission
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COUNTRY case studies

Full case studies submitted by member countries and international organisations for this project are presented below. Selected case studies have been included in this report. 

‌Australia

 

Estonia   Ireland   The Netherlands  Spain

Austria

 

Finland  Israel  New Zealand  Sweden

Belgium

 

 France Italy  Norway ‌‌Switzerland

Canada

 

Germany flagGermany  Japan  Poland  Turkey

Chile

 

Greece  Korea  Portugal United Kingdom

‌Czech Republic

 

Hungary_smallHungary Luxembourg  Slovak Republic  United States

Denmark

 

Iceland Mexico  Slovenia Flag: European Commission European Commission

NEWS RELEASE AND SPEECHES BY Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General

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