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Societies produce ever-growing quantities of solid waste, from packaging to abandoned televisions and cars. Disposing of this waste, often by burying it in landfills or burning it, produces significant soil contamination, as well as air and water pollution. It is particularly important to manage hazardous solid waste safely and efficiently.One way of limiting the scale of the problem is to recycle waste where it is economic to do so.
A broader OECD project has analysed the environmental effectiveness and economic efficiency of instrument mixes addressing selected environmental issues. In this connection, case studies of the instrument mixes addressing household waste have been prepared.
Markets for many classes of recyclable materials are growing, but market failures and barriers are constraining some markets. This report presents the case for the use of 'industrial' policies which address such market failures and barriers.
Extended Producer Responsibility is a concept where manufacturers and importers of products should bear a significant degree of responsibility for the environmental impacts of their products throughout the product life-cycle, including upstream impacts inherent in the selection of materials for the products, impacts from manufacturers’ production process itself, and downstream impacts from the use and disposal of the products.
This document discusses the Design for Environment impacts of Extended Producer Responsibility policies.
Database of country-specific requirements for the application of "OECD Decision on Transboundary movements of waste destined for recovery operations" [C(2001)107/FINAL].
Extended Producer Responsibility is a policy approach where the responsibility of producers for their products is extended to include the social costs of waste management. This document, prepared by Prof. Stephen Smith, proposes a framework for analysing the costs and benefits of such programmes
This document is split into three parts, Part 1, Pressure Indicators and Drivers for Waste Generation identifies drivers for the generation of municipal waste, its components and some other waste streams. A set of pressure indicators for waste prevention are proposed for trial use by OECD and its member countries. Part 2, Response Indicators, assesses whether the available information would suffice the development of response
Seminar proceedings (Part 1 and 2), from the OECD Seminar on "Extended Producer Responsibility Programme Implementation and Assessment".
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This case study on barriers to the implementation of environmentally sound management practices for small and medium size metal recycling enterprises focuses on a Canadian ship dismantling enterprise.