When considering a by-product, can this material or waste be used in another industry or in another manufacturing process instead of putting it into the environment, moving “from waste to resources” as the OECD says?
Improving resource productivity and ensuring a sustainable resource and materials management building on the principle of the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) is a central element of green growth policies. It helps to improve the environment, by reducing the amount of resources that the economy requires and diminishing the associated environmental impacts, and sustain economic growth by securing adequate supplies of materials and
Over the past two decades, OECD governments, the private sector and others have spent considerable resources on environmental protection and waste reduction. Yet, waste generation is still on the rise.
Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.
Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.
Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?
The OECD Environmental Strategy clearly outlines the need for governments to look for integrated solutions such as sustainable materials management to address current environmental concerns. Ideally public authorities should try to internalise all negative environmental externalities in the prices facing firms and consumers at all stages of the life-cycle.
The OECD is developing international policies to promote and harmonise the environmentally sound management (ESM) of wastes within the OECD area.
The OECD Council approved the Opinion of the Environment Policy Committee regarding the compliance by Israel with the OECD Decision C(2001)107/FINAL which establishes the OECD Control system for waste destined for recovery. Since 1992, transboundary movements of recyclable wastes between OECD countries are regulated by this Decision, established by OECD Council, and designed as an agreement under Article 11 of the Basel Convention.
The OECD report “Greenhouse gas emissions and the potential for mitigation from materials management within OECD countries” provides support to governments in showing the importance of using a life-cycle approach to analyse GHG mitigation options from materials management.