Resource productivity and waste


  • This forthcoming report updates key environmental indicators and relevant socio-economic and sectoral indicators, including on waste, to track OECD country progress on major environmental issues and inform policy development and evaluation. This year's edition includes increased coverage of environmentally related taxation, ODA and R&D expenditure.

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  • Extended Producer Responsibility

    OECD defines Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) as an environmental policy approach in which a producer’s responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product’s life cycle.

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  • Material Resources, Productivity and the Environment

    Natural resources are fundamental to the economy and human well-being. Improving resource productivity and ensuring a sustainable resource and materials management building on the principle of the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) is a central element of green growth policies.

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OECD is tackling today’s most challenging resource management issues by promoting the sustainable use of materials in order to reduce their negative environmental impacts and encourage resource efficiency.

VIDEO - Managing natural resources: making more with less

Establishing a resource efficient economy is central to achieving green growth.
It involves improving resource productivity and putting in place policies that ensure a sustainable resource and materials management building on the principle of the 3Rs — reduce, reuse and recycle, and encouraging more sustainable consumption patterns.

Economic instruments Resource productivity Sustainable materials management

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Economic instruments, including extended producer responsibility, are key for sustainable materials management.

Economic instruments

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There is a need to decouple material consumption from economic growth.

Resource productivity

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SMM addresses the management of materials through their life cycle.


 Waste containing nanomaterials Waste prevention and minimisation
Transboundary movements of waste
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Supporting a better understanding of potential risks of naomaterials in waste streams.

Waste & nanomaterials

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Major efforts are needed to reduce waste quantities.

Prevention & minimisation

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There is a need to control transboundary movements of hazardous waste.

Transboundary movement