Resource productivity and waste


  • Report: Business Models for the Circular Economy Report: Business Models for the Circular Economy

    3 April 2019 - This report presents a typology of 5 circular business models that could support the transition to a more resource efficient and circular economy: circular supply, resource recovery, product life extension, sharing, and product service system models.

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  • Report: Global Material Resources Outlook to 2060

    12 February 2019 - This report presents global projections of materials use and their environmental consequences, providing a quantitative outlook to 2060 at the global, sectoral and regional levels for 61 different materials (biomass resources, fossil fuels, metals and non-metallic minerals).

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  • Report: Improving Markets for Recycled Plastics

    2018 - Plastics have become one of the most prolific materials on the planet: in 2015 we produced about 380 million tonnes of plastics globally, up from 2 million tonnes in the 1950s. This report looks at why this is the case and what we can do about it, as the pervasiveness of plastics is becoming an urgent public health and planetary problem.

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OECD is tackling today’s most challenging resource management issues by promoting the sustainable use of materials in order to reduce their negative environmental impacts, encouraging resource efficiency and the transition towards a circular economy.

Key areas of work





The global production and use of plastics are expected to increase fourfold to 2050 and if the material is poorly managed at the end-of-life, this will potentially result in significantly increased impacts on the environment, especially through marine plastic litter. Peter Börkey, of the OECD Environment Directorate, addressed this pressing issue and the policy responses that are required to tackle it. The presentation was based on the OECD report Improving Markets for Recycled Plastics: Trends, Prospects and Policy Responses.


video: time to rethink plastic recycling

Why is only a fifth of plastic recycled? Collecting, sorting and processing waste plastic is expensive and some plastics cannot be recycled because of the hazardous chemicals used to make them. Watch our video to find out what the OECD recommends to tackle this problem.



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