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This report surveys the empirical (economic) literature, asking whether there indeed is any evidence of different effects on the rate and direction of technological change associated with different environmental policy instruments.
English, , 212kb
Preserving the environment is high on the agenda for both governments and society. Governments in OECD countries are using a variety of instruments to change environmentally harmful behaviour, and taxes have proved a useful string to their bow. Using taxes to achieve an environmental objective, such as reducing emissions of a particular pollutant, is efficient from an economic point of view and offers flexibility to adapt for those
The high price of some new non-polluting energy technologies makes it hard for them to compete with traditional energy sources. To curb industrial pollution, many OECD countries have intrduced poollution taxes.
This book provides a comprehensive discussion of these issues and of recent research on the environmental and economic impacts of applying environmentally related taxes.
English, , 170kb
Is it true that environmental policies hit the pockets of poorer households harder than those of wealthier ones? And that the poor receive less of the benefit of such policies as they are more likely to live closer to industry or hazardous waste treatment plants and further from parks or the countryside? This is a widespread perception, and in many cases one that is supported by the available evidence.
Concern about the social
Recommends that Member countries take effective measures to ensure that public environmental expenditure programmes are environmentally effective, economically efficient and managed in accordance with sound principles of public expenditure management.
English, , 184kb
What is sustainable development and why is it important? Most people support the idea of sustainable development, but without fully understanding what it is. Most would agree that it implies a better balance between economic, environmental and social goals, and greater fairness in distributing the gains from growth among people and countries. It also concerns preserving the environment and natural resources as a basis for progress.
The report proposes an in-depth analysis of the main methodological difficulties associated with estimating the social value of a reduction in risk to children. It also underlines key policy implications and inputs for further research.
This document discusses the Design for Environment impacts of Extended Producer Responsibility policies.
An in-depth assessment of the most recent conceptual and methodological developments in cost-benefit analysis and the environment.