Latest Documents


  • 30-November-2017

    English

    Green Talks LIVE - Groundwater Allocation: Managing Growing Pressures on Quantity and Quality

    Register to learn more about the challenges of groundwater allocation and the key questions governments need to answer to establish robust allocation arrangements. Groundwater withdrawals have risen sharply in the past 50 years and the resource is becoming increasingly degraded due to pollution and saline intrusion.

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  • 17-November-2017

    English

    Environmental taxation

    A broader use of environmental taxation or emission trading systems would be one of the most efficient and effective ways of promoting green growth.

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  • 26-September-2017

    English

    The Land-Water-Energy Nexus - Biophysical and Economic Consequences

    This report contributes to the discussion of interconnections between scarce resources by highlighting the nexus between land, water and energy (the LWE nexus). It focuses on a dynamic, integrated, and disaggregated analysis of how land, water and energy interact in the biophysical and economic systems. The report provides projections for the biophysical and economic consequences of nexus bottlenecks until 2060, highlighting that while the LWE nexus is essentially local, there can be significant large-scale repercussions in vulnerable regions, notably on forest cover and in terms of food and water security.
     
    The analysis is based on coupling a gridded biophysical systems model with a multi-regional, multi-sectoral dynamic general equilibrium modelling assessment. Numerical insights are provided by investigating a carefully selected set of scenarios that are designed to illustrate the key bottlenecks: one scenario for each resource bottleneck, plus two scenarios that combine all bottlenecks, with and without an overlay of climate change.

  • 10-August-2017

    English

    Behavioural and Experimental Economics for Environmental Policy

    This project investigates how behavioural economics can inform the design of “norm-based” environmental policies and “behaviourally robust” markets for ecosystem services. This work is part of a broader effort of a project that seeks to identify areas where behavioural economics can have the greatest impact on environmental policy design. Forthcoming: Tackling Environmental Problems with the Help of Behavioural Insights (May 2017).

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  • 20-July-2017

    English

    Spatial Planning INstruments and the Environment (SPINE)

    This work consists of a series of spatially explicit empirical analyses of the relationships between land use patterns, socioeconomic outcomes, environmental pressures, and the use of specific policy instruments. Our latest report "Multi-objective local environmental simulator (MOLES 1.0): Model specification, algorithm design and policy applications".

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  • 19-July-2017

    English

    The Rising Cost of Ambient Air Pollution thus far in the 21st Century: Results from the BRIICS and the OECD Countries - Environment Working Paper

    This paper presents updated results for the cost of ambient air pollution in 41 countries: the 6 major emerging economies known as the BRIICS – Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa – and the 35 OECD member countries.

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  • 10-May-2017

    English

    Tackling Environmental Problems with the Help of Behavioural Insights

    Behavioural insights can help policy makers obtain a deeper understanding of the behavioural mechanisms contributing to environmental problems, and design and implement more effective policy interventions. This report reviews recent developments in the application of behavioural insights to encourage more sustainable consumption, investment and compliance decisions by individuals and firms.
    Drawing on interventions initiated by ministries and agencies responsible for environment and energy, as well as cross-government behavioural insights teams, it portrays how behavioural sciences have been integrated into the policy-making process. The report covers a variety of policy areas: energy, water and food consumption, transport and car choice, waste management and resource efficiency, compliance with environmental regulation and participation in voluntary schemes. It shows what has proven to work – and what has not – in policy practice in OECD countries and beyond.
     

  • 4-May-2017

    English

    Multi-objective local environmental simulator (MOLES 1.0): Model specification, algorithm design and policy applications - Environment Working Paper

    This paper describes MOLES 1.0, an integrated land-use and transport model developed with Object-Oriented Programming principles in order to combine selected characteristics from Spatial Computable General Equilibrium and microsimulation models. MOLES 1.0 models the links between urban land use, mobility patterns, urban economic activities and their environmental impacts, in particular air pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases.

  • 15-March-2017

    English

    The costs and benefits of regulating chemicals

    The SACAME project supports the socio-economic analysis of chemicals by allowing a better quantification and monetisation of health- and environmental impacts. This research, funded by the European commission, builds on the OECD's work on quantifying the social costs of environmental externalities, particulary in recent years on the costs of air pollution.

  • 20-September-2016

    English

    Extended Producer Responsibility

    OECD defines EPR as an environmental policy approach in which a producer's responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product's life cycle.

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