Environmental policy tools and evaluation

Economic Valuation of Environmental Health Risks to Children

 

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ISBN Number: 9264013970
Publication: 12/01/2006
Pages: 310

 

Economic Valuation of Environmental Health Risks to Children

OECD Environment Directorate

The relationship between environment and children’s health has been the subject of increasing interest these last ten years. For instance, many OECD Member countries are reporting asthma epidemics exacerbated by air pollution: in the United States nearly 1 in 13 school-age children (approximately 4.8 million) has asthma, and the rate is increasing more rapidly in school-age children than in any other group. The importance of this issue has resulted in a growing number of epidemiological studies aiming at better understanding and better characterising the relationship between environmental pollution and the health of children.

However, in many respects, the valuation of children’s health strongly differs from the valuation of adults’ health and constitutes a real challenge for analysts as well as for decision-makers. Consequently, this book proposes an in depth analysis of the main methodological difficulties associated with estimating the social value of a reduction in risk to children. Questions such as how to elicit children’s preferences, what valuation methodology and benefit measure to choose, how to discount benefits to children’s health, and how to account for economic uncertainties will be systematically examined in order to define key policy implications and to pave the way for further research.


Executive Summary


Table of contents

Introduction by Pascale Scapecchi
Chapter 1. Overview of the Risk Differences between Children and Adults by Giorgio Tamburlini
Chapter 2. Valuation Differences between Adults and Children by Pascale Scapecchi
Chapter 3. Valuing Children's Health: Parental Perspectives by Mark Dickie and Shelby Gerking
Chapter 4. Transferring Measures of Adult Health Benefits to Children by Mark D. Agee and Thomas D. Crocker
Chapter 5. Discounting of Children's Health: Conceptual and Practical Difficulties by John A. Cairns
Chapter 6. Economic Uncertainties in Valuing Reductions in Children's Environmental Risk by Sandra Hoffmann, Alan Krupnick and Vic Adamowicz
Chapter 7. Willingness to Pay and Quality-Adjusted Life Years by James K. Hammitt
Chapter 8. Methods for Valuing Health Losses and Health Gains in Children by Erik Nord
Chapter 9. Methodological Issues and Policy Implications by Pascale Scapecchi and Nick Johnstone


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Websites

www.oecd.org/env/social/envhealth

 

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Executive Summary of Economic Valuation of Environmental Health Risks to Children