Biodiversity, water and natural resource management

Environment Working Papers on biodiversity and ecosystems


This series is designed to make available to a wider readership selected studies on environmental issues drawing on the work of the OECD Environment Directorate. Authorship is usually collective, but principal authors are named. The papers are generally available in their original language English or French with a summary in the other.


The Economic Feedbacks of Loss of of Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services

The topic of biodiversity loss has been the subject of a vast and growing scientific and economic literature. Species are estimated to be going extinct at rates 100 to 1000 times faster than in geological times. Globally, terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050. 


Biodiversity Policy Response Indicators

This paper reviews a number of OECD data sources to examine their potential for establishing indicators which can contribute to monitoring progress towards two of the 2011-2020 Aichi Biodiversity Targets under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), namely Target 3 on Incentives and Target 20 on Resource Mobilisation. Aichi Target 3 refers to the need to eliminate, phase out, or reform incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity and to develop and apply positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. 


The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. Ecosystem assessments can play an important role in synthesising and communicating complex information and can both inform and influence decision-making processes. This paper draws insights from experience with National Ecosystem Assessments (NEAs) recently undertaken in the UK, Japan, Spain, and Portugal, as well as other ecosystem assessments undertaken at regional and international geographical scales, and highlights lessons learned so that the impact of NEAs on policy can be enhanced.


Promoting Biodiversity Co-Benefits in Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)

This report examines how biodiversity co-benefits in REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) can be enhanced, both at the design and implementation level. It discusses potential biodiversity implications of different REDD design options that have been put forward in the international climate change negotiations and proceeds by examining how the creation of additional biodiversity-specific incentives could be used to complement a REDD mechanism, so as to target biodiversity benefits directly.


Report on Implementation of the 2004 Council Recommendation on the Use of Economic Instruments in Promoting the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity

This report is designed to take stock of the economic instruments for biodiversity management that have been newly introduced or further strengthened since the Recommendation was adopted in 2004. In order to do that, it lists the economic instruments which have been implemented in 19 member countries (and the European Commission) that fall under six different categories of instruments and for eight policy areas. It provides a snapshot on what economic instruments are more commonly used for certain policy purposes and in certain policy areas, as well as what economic instruments are less frequently applied.



Related Documents