Biodiversity, water and natural resource management

OECD publications on water

 

 

                                                                                  Publications  
2015

Water and Cities: Ensuring Sustainable Futures

This report focuses on the urban water management challenges facing cities across OECD countries, and explores both national and local policy responses with respect to water-risk exposure, the state of urban infrastructures and dynamics, and institutional and governance architectures. The analyses focus on four mutually dependent dimensions – finance, innovation, urban-rural co-operation and governance – and proposes a solutions-oriented typology based on urban characteristics. The report underlines that sustainable urban water management will depend on collaboration across different tiers of government working together with local initiatives and stakeholders.

Water and Cities

  Water Resources Allocation: Sharing Risks and Opportunities

Water resources allocation determines who is able to use water resources, how, when and where. It directly affects the value (economic, ecological, socio-cultural) that individuals and society obtain from water resources. This report overviews how allocation works in a range of countries and how the performance of allocation arrangements can be improved to adjust to changing conditions.
Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform. It provides practical policy guidance for water allocation in the form of a "health check", which can be used to assess the performance of current arrangements and manage the transition to improved regimes.

Water Resources Allocation

 

The Governance of Water Regulators

The establishment of dedicated regulatory bodies in charge of regulating water services, whilst being recent, is nevertheless a consistent trend among OECD and non-OECD countries. This report presents a picture as of September 2014 of the governance arrangements, operational modalities and use of regulatory tools across a sample of 34 established water regulators. It relies on the OECD Best Practice Principles for Regulatory Policy: The Governance of Regulators to structure the information collected through a survey exercise. It has been developed in close co-operation with the OECD Network of Economic Regulators (NER).

The Governance of Water Regulators

  Stakeholder Engagement for Inclusive Water Governance

This report assesses the current trends, drivers, obstacles, mechanisms, impacts, costs and benefits of stakeholder engagement in the water sector. It builds on empirical data collected through an extensive survey across 215 stakeholders, within and outside the water sector, and 69 case studies collected worldwide. It highlights the increasing importance of stakeholder engagement in the water sector as a principle of good governance and the need for better understanding of the pressing and emerging issues related to stakeholder engagement.

Stakeholder Engagement for Inclusive Water Governance

2014

Seine Basin, Île-de-France, 2014: Resilience to Major Floods

This study examines flood risk prevention of the Seine in the Ile-de-France region and highlights the impacts a major flood, like the one in 1910, could have on the well-being of citizens, city management and the economy. This study finds that a major flood of the Seine River and its tributaries could affect up to 5 million residents and cause up to 30 billion euros in direct damage. Growth, employment and public finances could also be affected. The metropolitan area of Paris is highly exposed to the risk of a major flood of the Seine River, similar to the great floods of 1910. A major flood could cause severe damage to the largest economic metropolis in continental Europe. Recent floods in Europe as well as Hurricane Sandy in New York City in 2012, have shown the potential for disruption, and the impacts to the economy and well-being in large urban areas.

Seine Basin, Île-de-France, 2014: Resilience to Major Floods

 

Water Governance in Tunisia

This report diagnoses the main governance and financing challenges to private sector participation in the water supply and wastewater sector of Tunisia, and provides ways forward to address these challenges. It been developed as part of a water policy dialogue conducted by the OECD jointly with the Global Water Partnership-Mediterranean (GWP-Med) in the context of the project labelled by the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) "Governance and Financing for the Mediterranean Water Sector", with the support of the FEMIP Trust Fund of the European Investment Bank.

Water Governance in Tunisia

 

Water Governance in Jordan

This report assesses the main governance and financing challenges to private sector participation (PSP) in the water supply and sanitation sector of Jordan, and provides ways forward to address them, based on international experience and OECD compendium of principles and good practices. Using the diagnostic analysis of the governance challenges to PSP in the Jordan water sector (Chapter 1), the report identifies ways forward to overcome bottlenecks focusing on three key pillars (Chapter 2): i) managing public-private partnership in a fiscally constrained environment through appropriate budget processes; ii) reducing the regulatory risks through supporting the development of a high-quality framework; and iii)managing and enhancing stakeholder engagement to improve accountability and buy-in. The report also includes an action plan with concrete measures to implement the recommendations proposed in the report.

Water Governance in Jordan

 

Climate Change, Water and Agriculture: Towards Resilient Systems

This report reviews the main linkages between climate change, water and agriculture as a means to identifying and discussing adaptation strategies for better use and conservation of water resources. It aims to provide guidance to decision makers on choosing an appropriate mix of policies and market approaches to address the interaction between agriculture and water systems under climate change.

Climate Change, Water and Agriculture
 

Water Governance in the Netherlands: Fit for the Future?

This report assesses the extent to which Dutch water governance is fit for future challenges and sketches an agenda for the reform of water policies in the Netherlands. It builds on a one-year policy dialogue with over 100 Dutch stakeholders, supported by robust analytical work and drawing on international best practice.

book cover

 2013

Water Security for Better Lives

This publication examines the critical issues surrounding water security (water shortage, water excess, inadequate water quality, the resilience of freshwater systems), providing a rationale for a risk-based approach and the management of trade-offs between water and other (sectoral and environmental) policies. The report sets out a three-step process to "know", "target" and "manage" water risks: (1) appraising the risks, (2) judging the tolerability and acceptability of risks and weighing risk-risk trade-offs, and (3) calibrating appropriate responses.

Water Security for Better Life

 

Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters

This publication provides guidance to policy makers to prioritise action and to improve the efficiency, timeliness and equity of adaptation decisions. It sets out a risk-based approach to achieve resilient water security in a changing climate. It also documents key trends and highlights best practice from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation, which covers all 34 OECD countries and the European Commission. Finally the report examines options to improve the flexibility of water governance, policy and financing approaches. 

 Book cover image - Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to navigate uncharted waters
 

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

This compendium updates the data issued in Environmental Performance of Agriculture at a Glance and provides comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990, covering soil, water, air and biodiversity and looking at recent policy developments in all 34 OECD countries.

 

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators - Book Cover
  Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico

The report provides evidence-based assessment and policy recommendations in support of Mexico’s water reform. It analyses implementation bottlenecks and identifies good practices in four key areas considered as essential drivers for change in the water sector of Mexico: multi-level and river basin governance; economic efficiency and financial sustainability; and regulatory functions for water supply and sanitation.

 

Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico -book cover image
 2012

Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Multi-level Approach

This report addresses multilevel governance challenges in water policy in the Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and identifies good practices for co-ordinating water across ministries, between levels of government, and across local and regional actors. Based on the OECD Multilevel Governance Framework and a survey on water governance, the report i) maps the allocation of roles and responsibilities in 13 LAC countries’ water policy at central government and sub-national level; ii) identifies the main coordination “gaps” in terms of territorial and institutional fragmentation, funding mismatch, information asymmetry, accountability, objectives and capacity, and iii) provides a range of mechanisms to improve water governance at all levels and foster capacity-building.

 

Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean - Book cover image

 

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels. The report goes beyond the traditional focus on financing water supply and sanitation to examine the full range of water management tasks that governments have to fulfill; when appropriate, a distinction is made on distinctive water issues.

Book Cover
 

Meeting the Water Reform Challenge

Building on the water challenges identified by the OECD Environment Outlook to 2050, this report examines three fundamental areas that need to be addressed whatever reform agendas are pursued by governments: financing of the water sector; the governance and institutional arrangements that are in place; and coherence between water policies and policies in place in other sectors of the economy. The report provides governments with practical advice and policy tools to pursue urgent reform in their water sectors.

 

 

Water Quality and Agriculture: Meeting the Policy Challenge

This book examines linking policies, farm management and water quality. It looks at recent trends and prospects for water pollution from agriculture and the implications of climate change. It assesses the costs and benefits of agriculture's impact on water systems, and presents case studies of policy experiences from the United States, Australia, New Zealand, the Baltic region, France, the United Kingdom and the European Union in general. Finally the report provides a set of recommendations for countries for meeting the challenge of improving agricultural water quality.

Water Quality and Agriculture book cover image
2011 Water Governance in OECD Countries : A Multilevel Approach  
  Meeting the Challenge of Financing Water and Sanitation Tools and Approaches  
  Greening Public Budgets in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia  
  Ten Years of Water Sector Reform in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia  
  Benefits of Investing in Water and Sanitation: an OECD Perspective  
 

Guidelines for Performance-based Contracts between Water Utilities and Municipalities: Lessons learnt from Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia

 
  Policies towards a Sustainable Use of Water in Spain  
     
2010 Pricing Water Resources and Water and Sanitation Services  
  Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture  
  Innovative Financing Mechanisms for the Water Sector  
     
2009 Managing Water for All  
  Managing Water for All – Summary for policymakers
 
  Alternative ways of providing water: Emerging options and their policy implications
 
  Private Sector Participation in Water Infrastructure: OECD Checklist for Public Action
 
     
2006 Water and Agriculture: Sustainability, Markets and Policies