This publication draws together and summarises existing information on the benefits of water and sanitation. The provision of water supply, sanitation and wastewater services generates substantial benefits for public health, the economy and the environment.
The OECD convened an expert workshop on Mobilising Private Sector Finance for Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use on 9 March 2011. Increasing levels of finance for biodiversity will be necessary to help achieve more effective conservation and sustainable use....
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This flyer provides an overview of OECD's continuing strong commitment to providing policy guidance on improving water policy through its work on the economic, institutional and policy responses to the water challenge.
This working paper highlights the importance of environmental management and governance in the agricultural sector; to present environmental goals, requirements, entry points, and strategies/approaches to capacity development for the environment (CDE) in this sector.
This working paper highlights the importance of environmental management and governance in the energy sector and presents environmental goals, requirements, entry points, and strategies/approaches to capacity development for the environment (CDE) in this sector.
Biodiversity and ecosystem services provide tangible benefits for society, such as food provisioning, water purification, genetic resources or climate regulation. These services provide critical life support functions and contribute to human health, well being and economic growth. Yet biodiversity is declining worldwide and, in some areas, this loss is accelerating. The need for policies that promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services is more important than ever.
Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) is a direct and flexible incentive-based mechanism under which the user or beneficiary of an ecosystem service makes a direct payment to an individual or community whose land use decisions have an impact on the ecosystem service provision. Interest in PES has been increasing rapidly over the past decade: PES are proliferating worldwide and there are already more than 300 programmes in place today at national, regional and local levels.
Drawing on the literature concerning effective PES and on more than 30 case studies from both developed and developing countries, this book aims to identify good practice in the design and implementation of PES programmes so as to enhance their environmental and cost effectiveness. It addresses the following questions: Why are PES useful and how do they work? How can they be made most effective environmentally and how can their cost-effectiveness be maximised? What are the different potential sources of finance for PES programmes, and how can they be secured? and What are the lessons learned from existing PES programmes and insights for future programmes, including international PES?
Biodiversity provides critical ecosystem services for our economy, society and human wellbeing – bees to fertilize crops, plants that provide medicines, and forests that clean air and regulate our climate...
Climate change and over-use of water will mean that nearly one in every two people will live in water-stressed areas by 2030. Households, industry and agriculture will increasingly compete for water, leaving little to sustain ecosystems.
The OECD convened an expert workshop on Enhancing the Cost-Effectiveness of Payments for Ecosystem Services on 25th March 2010. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) translate external non-market values of the environment into tangible financial incentives, creating a link .
This publication compiles reliable and comparable data on pricing water and on water supply and sanitation services across OECD countries.