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Biodiversity loss is a major environmental challenge facing humankind. Biodiversity - and associated ecosystems - provide a range of invaluable services to society that underpin human health, well-being and economic growth. These include food, clean water, flood protection and climate regulation.
Without new policies, by 2050, freshwater availability will be further strained, with 2.3 billion more people than today projected to be living in river basins experiencing severe water stress. Read our latest publication: Water Governance in the Netherlands: Fit for the Future?
English, Excel, 2,023kb
This brochure provides an overview of recent and ongoing OECD work on biodiversity. Biodiversity is fundamental to sustaining life and providing critical ecosystem services such as food provisioning, water purification, flood and drought control, nutrient cycling, and climate regulation, amongst many others.
Biodiversity is fundamental to sustaining life, providing critical ecosystem services, such as food security, water purification, nutrient cycling, and climate regulation, that are essential to support human well-being and economic growth. Read ou latest overview on OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems.
This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.
The 'water crisis' is largely a governance crisis. There is enough water on Earth for all, even in areas where temporary shortages may exist. Managing water for all is not only a question of hydrology and money, but equally a matter of good governance.
English, PDF, 2,978kb
This brochure provides an overview of OECD work on water.Water policies around the world are in urgent need of reform. OECD work identifies the priority areas where governments need to focus their reform efforts.
The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.
This publication examines the critical issues surrounding water security (water shortage, water excess, inadequate water quality, the resilience of freshwater systems), providing a rationale for a risk-based approach and the management of trade-offs between water and other (sectoral and environmental) policies.
The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.