Biodiversity, water and natural resource management


  • Tackling the diffuse water pollution challenge

    OECD countries have struggled to adequately address diffuse water pollution. It is much easier to regulate point source industrial and municipal polluters than engage with a large number of farmers and other land-users where variable factors like climate, soil and politics come into play. But, as the report points out, the cumulative effects of diffuse water pollution can be devastating for human well-being and ecosystem health. The report presents a risk-based policy framework to tackle this challenge.

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  • Political Economy of Biodiversity Policy Reform

    This report draws on existing literature and four new case studies covering the French tax on pesticides, agricultural subsidy reform in Switzerland, EU payments to Mauritania and Guinea-Bissau to finance marine protected areas via conservation trust funds, and individually transferable quotas for fisheries in Iceland.

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  • Mainstreaming biodiversity

    Participation of the OECD at the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP13) on Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Well-Being on 2-17 December 2016, in Cancun, Mexico. Find out more about the OECD work on mainstreaming biodiversity.

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OECD work on biodiversity, water and natural resources management focuses on policy analysis to help ensure more environmentally effective, cost-efficient and equitable outcomes.

Green Talks LIVE | Degraded Waters: Emerging policy solutions to tackle diffuse pollution - 6 April 2017

Watch the video

At least half the world’s population suffers from polluted water. And the situation is set to worsen. Water pollution is on the rise due to indirect ‘diffuse’ sources of pollution from both agricultural and urban environments. 

What policies can we put in place to address the diffuse water pollution challenge and reverse the trend of increasing degraded waters?

Hannah Leckie and Xavier Leflaive of the OECD Environment Directorate discussed emerging solutions in OECD countries, that can guide the design and implementation of policies to control diffuse water pollution. The presentation was based on the recently published OECD study on water: Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters: Emerging Policy Solutions.
Biodiversity  Water 
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Examining how to better conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems, today and for future generations.


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Identifying the priority areas where governments need to focus their water reform efforts.


Fisheries  Forests    Sustainable agriculture 
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Providing policy analysis of pressing global issues in fisheries, aquaculture, and sustainable fisheries management.


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Assessing incentives and policy approaches to achieve maximum benefits to society.


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Promoting the use of principles of ecology which take into account the relationships between organisms and their environment.

Sustainable agriculture