Environment in emerging and transition economies
National policy dialogue (NPD) in Tajikistan
Year of NPD launch: 2009
Present NPD Chair(s) and strategic partners in the government: Ministry of Energy and Water Resources
Source of NPD funding: European Union, Government of Denmark, Government of Finland, Government of Germany, Government of Norway
Priority areas of work and main activities
- Design and implementation of a programme for water sector development based on IWRM principles; including basin management.
- Further implementation of the Water Supply Programme for 2000-2015, including the reform of water pricing.
- Strengthening of transboundary water cooperation with Kyrgyzstan and Afghanistan.
Since the launch of the NPD, the following meetings and missions have been taking place to assist Tajikistan in the NPD process:
- Technical workshop on water pricing: 25-26 June 2013, Dushanbe
The Antimonopoly Agency (AMA) of Tajikistan is in charge of setting tariffs for water supply and sanitation and holds responsibility for economic regulation. At the Agency's request, the OECD organised this technical capacity building workshop with the participation of over 30 professionals mainly from the Agency. The workshop was organized with technical support from the Institute for Urban Economics (Moscow) and financial contribution from the Finnish Environmental Institute (SYKE). The workshop focused on tariff setting rules and procedures, measures to address affordability issues, and indicators to benchmark the performance of water utilities.
- Fifth Steering Committee meeting: 23 May 2013, Dushanbe
The final draft of the Water Sector Reform Strategy in Tajikistan was presented and discussed. Proposed reforms included: institutional changes such as separating of policy-making and operational functions at national level, creating four river basin management bodies and granting them relevant decision-making powers. The final report on target setting under the protocol on water and health was also presented.
- Fourth Steering Committee meeting: 15 November 2012, Dushanbe
This meeting represented the final step in the development of the Water Sector Reform Strategy in Tajikistan. Participants discussed the situation of hydropower plants in Tajikistan and were presented with updates on most recent initiatives in the water sector. The OECD was requested to contribute to the NPD process by strengthening the economic and financial dimensions of the water sector reform in Tajikistan.
- Third Steering Committee meeting: 25 May 2012, Dushanbe
Stakeholders reviewed the draft Water Sector Reform Strategy as well as the Strategy’s Implementation and Investment Plan for the irrigation and rural water supply subsectors.
Key achievements of the NPD to date
- Over 60 professionals attend the NPD Steering Committee meetings in Tajikistan. Several active working groups demonstrate excellent stakeholder engagement.
- A key achievement of the NPD was the development of the Water Sector Reform Strategy for Tajikistan. A final draft was discussed in May 2013 and the implementation of recommendations started in late 2013. The strategy proposed the separation of policy-making and operational functions (being currently implemented) and the adoption of river basin management principles. Institutional changes are to be supported by new legislative initiatives. A special working group analysed necessary changes in a wide range of legal acts and outlined a proposal in December 2013.
- The NPD acted as an umbrella process for transboundary water diplomacy to advance the cooperation with Afghanistan and the management of a transboundary basin with Kyrgyzstan in the Isfara basin (project led by GIZ).
- Targets have been proposed for the application of the Protocol on Water and Health.
- A training workshop was organised with the Antimonopoly Agency with a view to building capacity quickly to monitor the performance of water utilities, to review proposals for tariff increase by operators, and to measure and address affordability issues.
This radar chart synthetises the level of achievements along five axes within the NPD process in Kazakhstan (0-no activity; 2-fully achieved):
- Transboundary water management
- National strategies on water, nexus
- The development of RBMPs
- The economis and financial dimensions of WRM
- WSS and Water and Health
Plans for the future
- The NPD Working Group on legal issues will contribute to the process of drafting the new Water Code and will propose changes in other legal acts.
- In response to the Antimonopoly Agency’s request, further cooperation will aim at capacity building to strengthen the economic regulation for WSS.
- The development of the strategic plan for the irrigation sector is envisaged to combine food and water security, and achieve financial sustainability.