Environment in emerging and transition economies
National policy dialogue (NPD) in Moldova
Year of NPD launch: 2006
Present NPD Chair(s) and strategic partners in the government: Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Health
Source of NPD funding: European Union, Government of Austria, Government of the Czech Republic, Government of Germany, Government of Switzerland, Government of the United Kingdom
Priority areas of work and main activities
- Adoption and implementation of IWRM and the principles of the EU WFD.
- Target setting and planning under the Protocol on Water and Health.
- Development of a strategic financial plan and a mid-term action plan for WSS. Work on sustainable business models for sanitation in small towns and villages.
- Development of a strategy to adapt WSS to climate change.
The OECD and UNECE, as implementing partners of the EUWI, provided guidance through a series of meetings and stakeholder consultations which are summarised below:
- The national policy dialogue (NPD) on integrated water resource management (IWRM) in the Republic of Moldova started in 2006. As a result, three policy packages were adopted in 2009-2010 which include a Government Order on wastewater discharges from municipal sources (2009), a draft order of the state agency “Apele Moldovei” on the establishment of river basin management authorities and river basin councils (2009), and an action plan to achieve the water-related MDGs under the Protocol on Water and Health. In 2009-2010, the dialogue focused on setting specific targets on water and health related issues, in accordance with the Protocol on Water and Health. This activity was financially supported by the Government of Switzerland under an agreement between the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and UNECE. The targets under the Protocol were adopted on 20 October 2010.
- The NPD on water supply and sanitation (WSS) also started in 2006. Its first phase (2006–2007) was devoted to developing a National Financing Strategy for urban and rural WSS. This lead to a revision of the governmental strategy for WSS in order to better reflect financial issues. In the second phase (2009–2010) the newly developed mid-term action and investment plan was brought in line with the principles previously led down in the Financing Strategy.
- In 2012, NPD activities in Moldova focused on two issues: first, the adaptation of WSS to climate change; and second, the implementation of sustainable business models for sanitation in small towns and rural settlements. These were facilitated primarily by OECD through the organisation of two Steering Committee meetings (on 23 March and 8 June 2012, respectively), and the delivery of an expert workshop on Sustainable Business Models for Rural Wastewater Services (26 April 2012).
- A joint meeting of all work streams under the NPD was held on 21 November 2012. Stakeholders presented the extended outline of an Action Plan for implementation of targets under the Protocol on Water and Health. The Terms of Reference for the establishment of a Clearing House on the Protocol were discussed and the project work plan for the upcoming period until mid-2013 was adopted. A set of recommendations related to WSS and climate change, and on sustainable business models for rural sanitation were endorsed.
- A bilateral Treaty on the protection and use of the water resources in the Dniester basin was signed between Moldova and Ukraine on 29 November 2012 as one of the results of a series of projects supported by OSCE, UNECE and UNEP.
- A joint meeting combining the 20th meeting of the EUWI National Policy Dialogue on Water Policy in Moldova and the 4th Steering Committee Meeting of the project
«Implementation of targets under the Protocol on Water and Health in the Republic of Moldova» was held on 7 November 2014. The meeting agenda and minutes reflect the topics discussed.
- A joint meeting combining the 21st meeting of the EUWI National Policy Dialogue on Water Policy in Moldova and the 5th Steering Committee Meeting of the project
«Implementation of targets under the Protocol on Water and Health in the Republic of Moldova» was held on 20 May 2015. The meeting agenda and minutes reflect the topics discussed.
Key achievements of the NPD to date
- Moldova implemented the first Action Plan within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The convergence of the environmental and water legislation is of particular importance for the country.
- The new water law was discussed in the context of the NPD. The law, which enforces the principles of the EU WFD, was adopted by the Parliament in 2011.
- A draft Government Order was produced on the establishment of river basin management authorities and river basin councils in 2009 but was not enacted.
- An NPD-related Government Order was also adopted on wastewater discharges from municipal sources.
- National targets under the Protocol on Water and Health were adopted by Government Decision. Assistance is being provided for their implementation. The Clearing House on the Protocol was established in 2013 as an outstanding example for the entire region. Other work was completed on the development of Water Safety Plans as well as capacity building and development of ‘norms’ for small water service operators.
- A National Financing Strategy for urban and rural WSS was developed. It was translated into a mid-term Action- and Investment Plan. Several institutional changes unfolded such as the creation of an independent regulator for WSS, and actions to overcome over-fragmentation of WSS services. The Strategy also facilitated a significant increase in government- and external funding for WSS.
- Sustainable business models for sanitation in small towns and villages were recommended. This served as an input to Germany’s work on regional development in Moldova (GIZ started pilot testing one of the recommended models).
This radar chart synthetises the level of achievements along five axes within the NPD process in Kazakhstan (0-no activity; 2-fully achieved):
- Transboundary water management
- National strategies on water, nexus
- The development of RBMPs
- The economis and financial dimensions of WRM
- WSS and Water and Health
Plans for the future
- Work will continue to support the implementation of national targets on water and health and the operation of the newly established Clearing House for information on water and health.
- Recommendations to adapt water services and infrastructure to climate change are being considered for inclusion in the WSS Sector Strategy. The work will also feed into the National Plan for Flood Protection.