Year of NPD launch: 2006
Present NPD Chair(s) and strategic partners in the government: Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Health
Source of NPD funding: European Union, Government of Austria, Government of the Czech Republic, Government of Germany, Government of Switzerland, Government of the United Kingdom
Priority areas of work and main activities
The OECD and UNECE, as implementing partners of the EUWI, provided guidance through a series of meetings and stakeholder consultations which are summarised below:
The national policy dialogue (NPD) on integrated water resource management (IWRM) in the Republic of Moldova started in 2006. As a result, three policy packages were adopted in 2009-2010 which include a Government Order on wastewater discharges from municipal sources (2009), a draft order of the state agency “Apele Moldovei” on the establishment of river basin management authorities and river basin councils (2009), and an action plan to achieve the water-related MDGs under the Protocol on Water and Health. In 2009-2010, the dialogue focused on setting specific targets on water and health related issues, in accordance with the Protocol on Water and Health. This activity was financially supported by the Government of Switzerland under an agreement between the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and UNECE. The targets under the Protocol were adopted on 20 October 2010.
The NPD on water supply and sanitation (WSS) also started in 2006. Its first phase (2006–2007) was devoted to developing a National Financing Strategy for urban and rural WSS. This lead to a revision of the governmental strategy for WSS in order to better reflect financial issues. In the second phase (2009–2010) the newly developed mid-term action and investment plan was brought in line with the principles previously led down in the Financing Strategy.
In 2012, NPD activities in Moldova focused on two issues: first, the adaptation of WSS to climate change; and second, the implementation of sustainable business models for sanitation in small towns and rural settlements. These were facilitated primarily by OECD through the organisation of two Steering Committee meetings (on 23 March and 8 June 2012, respectively), and the delivery of an expert workshop on Sustainable Business Models for Rural Wastewater Services (26 April 2012).
A joint meeting of all work streams under the NPD was held on 21 November 2012. Stakeholders presented the extended outline of an Action Plan for implementation of targets under the Protocol on Water and Health. The Terms of Reference for the establishment of a Clearing House on the Protocol were discussed and the project work plan for the upcoming period until mid-2013 was adopted. A set of recommendations related to WSS and climate change, and on sustainable business models for rural sanitation were endorsed.
A bilateral Treaty on the protection and use of the water resources in the Dniester basin was signed between Moldova and Ukraine on 29 November 2012 as one of the results of a series of projects supported by OSCE, UNECE and UNEP.
- Transboundary water management