This report draws on three detailed case studies in Eastern Europe, the Caucases and Central Asia (EECCA), and on the experience of OECD countries to provide guidance on how transfers from central budgets to local authorities could be designed to finance environmental infrastructures in transition economies. Ideally, the costs of water supply and sanitation should be covered by user charges. However, the high investment costs and
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OECD and the UN: securing access to safe water and sanitation
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8-ая ежегодная встреча Сети по реализации программ природоохранного регулирования в странах Восточной Европы, Кавказа и в Центральной Азии (Сеть REPIN) состоялась в Тбилиси 12-13 июня 2006 года.
The eighth annual meeting of the Regulatory Environmental Programme Implementation Network (REPIN) in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA was held in Tbilisi on 12-13th June 2006.
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This data-base was prepared to help rural communities and water users associations in EECCA countries identify options for WSS infrastructure development in rural areas that are feasible from the financial (investment and oper-ating costs) point of view and could be sustained by rural communitie
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Инфраструктура водоснабжения и канализации (ВиК) в странах Центральной Европы, Кавказа и Центральной Азии зачастую крайне изношена, что создает серьезные риски для здоровья человека и окружающей среды.
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This data-base was prepared to help rural communities and water users associations in EECCA countries identify options for WSS infrastructure development in rural areas that are feasible from the financial point of view and could be sustained by rural communities.
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The overall idea and objective behind the development of the Financial Planning Tool in Water Utilities (FPTWU) Tool is to assist the water utilities in the EECCA region in achieving medium to long-term operational and financial sustainability.