Mobilising adequate financial resources for environmental infrastructure is key to translating major policy objectives into actual environmental improvements. About two decades of neglegting the maintenance of environmental infrastructure in EECCA have led to the the accumulation of significant needs of capital investments. Operational revenues of utilities (e.g. user fees) have not been able to contribute much to meeting these needs. Public budgets will need to continue to play an important role in financing investments, social safety nets and and in facilitating access to credit.
However, budgets are stretched by necessary fiscal consolidation and will face expenditure constraints for years to come, particularly after the recent financial crisis. Private sector utility operators can contribute to management and operation rather than to equity financing of capital investments.
The EAP Task Force has explored the opportunities of using local capital and financial markets as a source of long-term debt financing for environmental infrastructure. In addition to local currency credit and bond markets, intergovernmental fiscal transfers have been also studied in both national (from central budgets to local authorities) and cross-country contexts. The analysis has demonstrated that any strategy concerning the development of local capital and financial markets must be compatible with the existing system on which other sources of finance are based, in particular intergovernmental transfers and fiscal autonomy.
Public and private finance for environmental and climate change programmes (Overview)
Mobilising Financial Resources for the Environment in Russia
Local Capital Markets for Environmental Infrastructure
Intergovernmental transfers for environmental infrastructure, 2006