Environment in emerging and transition economies

Climate-smart public spending at the national level in Kazakhstan


The overall objective of this project was to help increase the capacity of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of Kazakhstan to prepare a priority climate change investment programme in line with good international practices, with the aim of obtaining adequate budget and donor financing for its implementation. This was done, among others, by developing a methodology for programme design (including a costing model) based on OECD good practices.This methodology aims to fill up the gap between sector specific financing strategies and project-level feasibility studies.

The programme, identified by the Ministry of Environmental Protection and designed as part of the project, was “Increasing energy efficiency in the communal services sector in Kazakhstan: Evaluation of specific measures aimed at greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions”. Three specific project pipelines, to be potentially financed from this programme, were analysed: (i) insulation of residential buildings (thermal modernisation); (ii) installation of building-level automatic sub-stations and thermostatic valves on radiators; and (iii) coal-to-gas conversion for local small boilers supplying apartment blocks.