Environment in emerging and transition economies

Focus

Enabling a more rapid shift towards greener, environmentally-sustainable growth in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), addressing both market and regulatory incentives and focus on reform of economic instruments and gradual phase out of environmentally harmful subsidies.
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Exploring the possibility for reinforcing a nexus-oriented approach to water management in the EECCA region.
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Promoting a transparent and effective use of public environmentally-related spending in EECCA, examining how public policies could be designed to better catalyse and leverage private flows to low-carbon, green investments.
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‌Task Force for the Implementation of the Environmental Action Programme (the EAP Task Force)

The EAP Task Force supports the integration of environmental considerations into the processes of economic, social and political reform in transition economies of the Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) region*  by improving environmental policies and upgrading institutional and human capacities for better environmental management. Since the Task Force’s establishment in 1993, OECD has helped EECCA countries to accelerate the diffusion of innovative policies and policy tools. It assisted countries in conducting policy reform based, among others, on the outcomes of pilot projects. Some of the tools developed under the EAP Task Force umbrella are presented in an annex to the present document. The Task Force’s work has resulted in activities and tools targeted at OECD members in areas such as environmental compliance assurance, financing water supply and sanitation and public environmental expenditure management. 

* Member countries of the EAP Task Force are: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. International organisations and financial institutions, the business and civil society alco participates actively in the work of the Task Force. 

Read more on Task Force’s mission, substantive focus, working methods, members and the governance structure.

Priorities

The Ministers at the Seventh “Environment for Europe” Ministerial Conference (21–23 September 2011, Astana, Kazakhstan) welcomed the work of the EAP Task Force and invited OECD to continue its work. The EAP Task Force 2012-15 Programme of Work is organised around two mutually-supportive themes:

Strengthening water management    Policies for green growth
 ‌© silverjohn - shutterstock.com    ‌© Toms93 - istockhoto.com

Work under this theme support economically, financially and environmentally sound management of water resources, including adaptation to climate change.

It also contributes to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on water supply and sanitation, so that good quality water and sanitation services are delivered reliably, sustainably and at least cost to the population.

Activities on water management are implemented by the OECD and the UNECE as strategic partners under the European Union Water Initiative (EUWI) in the EECCA region.

Read more about recent achievements of the EUWI in EECCA

 

Work in this area enables a more rapid shift towards greener, environmentally-oriented growth. Projects relate to market incentives and policy reforms needed to facilitate such transformation: integrating fiscal and environmental policies, fostering incentives for private sector contribution to green growth;  strengthening institutional frameworks and capacity.

The focus is primarily on the six Eastern Partnership countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) following the launch of EaP GREEN, which is financed by the EU, and jointly implemented by the OECD, UNECE, UNEP and UNIDO.

Read more about the EaP GREEN programme

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Topics list