Environment Directorate

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden 2014

In series:OECD Environmental Performance Reviewsview more titles

Published on November 28, 2014

Also available in: French, Swedish

This report is the third OECD review of Sweden’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on Sweden's longstanding commitment to mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases and its management of marine ecosystem services and water.  


General notes
Executive summary
Progress towards sustainable development3 chapters available
Key environmental trends
Policy-making environment
Towards green growth
Progress towards selected environmental objectives2 chapters available
Climate change
Marine ecosystem services
Annexes3 chapters available
Selected data
Actions taken on selected recommendations from the 2004 OECD review
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 key findings

Sweden is a leader in many fields of environmental policy. It is among the most innovative OECD countries when it comes to environment-related technology, and has pioneered several policy instruments, many based on the principle of putting a price on environmentally harmful activities.

Progress in cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has been impressive and Sweden has committed to ambitious climate goals. With neighbouring countries, Sweden shares a responsibility for the Baltic Sea, a very vulnerable marine ecosystem. Taking account of the benefits of marine ecosystems in decision making is, therefore, all the more important.

While overall environmental quality is very good, the country faces challenges in meeting the very ambitious environmental quality objectives it has set for itself.

Assessment and recommendations 


English version
Svensk version


The Highlights 
sum up the main findings of the report. 

launch of the assessment and recommendations

“Sweden is a frontrunner in using market instruments like green taxes to discourage environmentally harmful activities and foster new technologies. But the better one does, the harder it is to improve. Sweden will need more cost-effective policies and a fairer sharing of compliance costs to meet future goals.”

Simon Upton, OECD Director of the Environment

Launch of the Assessment and recommendations of the Environmental Performance Review of Sweden, 11 June 2014, Stockholm

Read the OECD press release
Read the press and Twitter review on Storify

Data visualisation

Hover your mouse over the dots to read the names of the countries and how CO2 emissions followed or not their GDP growth.
Sweden is the red dot. 

Click on the buttons to change the dates and see the evolution of Sweden's protected areas. 


Content: Ivana Capozza

Communications: Clara Tomasini


Photo : Derek Yu/Flickr, Creative Commons attribution licence., Funkform.

Icons : Rural by Evan Caughey, Water by Alessandro Suraci, Tree by Tim Boelaars, Mountain by Benni, Lake by Pieter J. Smits, Forest by Juan Pablo Bravo, Tree by Lance Hancock, all from The Noun Project