The UN Climate Change Conference was held in Cancún, Mexico (COP16, 29 Nov-10 Dec 2010). What were the actions taken? For OECD experts involved at Cancún, policy focused on financing, market solutions and technological change.
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This flyer provides an overview of OECD's continuing strong commitment to providing policy guidance on improving water policy through its work on the economic, institutional and policy responses to the water challenge.
In his remarks, A. Gurría said that countries need to be ambitious in taking unilateral actions and that a cost-effective approach to reducing emissions could cost just a fraction of a percentage point of GDP per year.
To sum-up, Green and Growth can and should go together, but we need to put the right policies in place. The OECD is working to help countries reconcile fighting climate change with strengthening the economy and creating jobs.
OECD’s modelling work supports governments in identifying least-cost policies or policy mixes to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and assesses the cost and impacts of possible post-2012 international frameworks.
Is the value of reducing environment-related health risks greater for children than for adults? A research project involving leading research teams has sought to answer this question through the implementation of surveys of parents in three OECD countries.
The OECD biosafety consensus documents identify elements of scientific information used in the environmental safety and risk assessment of transgenic organisms which are common to OECD member countries.&a
The OECD Environmental Data Compendium presents data linking pollution and natural resources with economic activity placing pressures on the environment.
As the hubs of economic activity, cities drive the vast majority of the world’s energy use and are major contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. Because they are home to major infrastructure and highly concentrated populations, cities are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels, warmer temperatures and fiercer storms. At the same time, better urban planning and policies can reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions and improve the resilience of urban infrastructure to climate change, thus shaping future trends.
This book shows how city and metropolitan regional governments working in tandem with national governments can change the way we think about responding to climate change. The chapters analyse: trends in urbanisation, economic growth, energy use and climate change; the economic benefits of climate action; the role of urban policies in reducing energy demand, improving resilience to climate change and complementing global climate policies; frameworks for multilevel governance of climate change including engagement with relevant stakeholders; and the contribution of cities to “green growth”, including the “greening” of fiscal policies, innovation and jobs. The book also explores policy tools and best practices from both OECD and some non-member countries.
Cities and Climate Change reveals the importance of addressing climate change across all levels of government. Local involvement through “climate-conscious” urban planning and management can help achieve national climate goals and minimise tradeoffs between environmental and economic priorities at local levels. The book will be relevant to policy makers, researchers, and others with an interest in learning more about urbanisation and climate change policy.
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In negotiation sessions leading up to COP 16 progress on outlining post-2012 market mechanisms has also been limited. The OECD and IEA have researched the possibility to expand carbon markets by granting broader access to developing countries.