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Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.
This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.
The OECD has published a revision of the 2003 Emission Scenario Document on Wood Preservatives to take into account the experience gained in working with the 2003 ESD. The document has been totally restructured, emission scenarios have been updated and new, niche scenarios have been added. The document is an essential tool for Member countries working in the area of biocidal products assessment.
This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.
The OECD is developing international policies to promote and harmonise the environmentally sound management (ESM) of wastes within the OECD area.
This document outlines the methodologies and tools currently used to assess the risk of chemicals to children’s health and also identifies possible needs for additional guidance or tools based on the results of an on-line survey conducted in November 2011. The following areas of risk assessment are covered: definitions, hazard and exposure assessment, risk characterisation, cohort studies and combined exposure to multiple chemicals.
This document provides an overview of the current understanding of Perfluorinated Chemicals, particularly long-chain ones, regarding their major historical and current uses, scientific information about their relevance for human health and the environment, alternatives and regulatory approaches.
The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.
An IT system to develop and evaluate Adverse Outcome Pathways (AOP), the AOP Wiki, has been developed for testing by the Extended Advisory Group on Molecular Screening and Toxicogenomics and by AOP developers included in the work plan. The Wiki provides developers the necessary steps to capture scientific information in a user-friendly manner. The project is jointly led by the ECJRC and the USEPA.
This Biosafety document aims to serve as an aid to risk assessors and regulators; providing guidance on handling the aspects of an environmental safety assessment, accessing and using information in situations of low-level presence (LLP) of transgenic plants in seed and grain commodities.