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  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of Japan

    The pollution intensity of the Japanese economy, measured as emissions per dollar of GDP, is among the lowest within OECD countries. However, air pollution remains a significant issue. Almost 80% of the Japanese residents were exposed to an annual concentration of PM2.5 above the WHO guideline while the attainment rate of the domestic air quality standard for photochemical oxidants is below 1%. The analysis of the regulatory and enforcement framework for air quality management in Japan identifies best practises and key remaining challenges, including a limited understanding of the generation mechanism of ozone pollution and the need to strengthen cooperation among Prefectures. This paper complements two case studies on air quality policies in China and Korea, and a third case study on international regulatory cooperation on air quality in North America, Europe and North-East Asia.
  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of China

    Four decades of rapid economic expansion in China has generated enormous pressure on the environment, natural resources and public health. Alarming smog outbreaks during the 2010-13 period prompted the government to introduce a number of reforms to control air pollution, including a re-organisation of environmental institutions, improving the coordination and integrity of enforcement actions across levels of government, and the rolling out of a permit system for all stationary pollution sources. This paper reviews these recent developments, and discusses key remaining challenges. The paper complements two case studies on air quality policies in Korea and Japan, and a third case study on international regulatory cooperation on air quality in North America, Europe and North-East Asia.
  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Managing the biodiversity impacts of fertiliser and pesticide use - Overview and insights from trends and policies across selected OECD countries

    This paper reviews the impacts and costs of pesticide and fertiliser pollution as well as the policy responses to counter these in selected OECD countries. More specifically, the paper begins with an overview of the main biodiversity and health impacts of excess pesticide and fertiliser. In economic terms, nitrogen pollution, for example, has been estimated to cost the European Union between EUR 70 billion and EUR 320 billion per year. The paper also provides an overview of the trends in both pesticide sales (per 1000 ha of agricultural land area), and pesticide use (in tonnes of active ingredients), as well as soil nutrient balances in OECD countries before reviewing policy instruments available to promote more sustainable fertiliser and pesticide use. Case studies of specific policy responses used to address adverse impacts of pesticides including in Denmark and France are presented along with case studies of policies to counter nutrient pollution in Denmark, Japan and the United States. Based on the literature review and case studies, the paper concludes with policy insights and recommendations.
  • 11-March-2020

    English

    Towards Sustainable Land Use - Aligning Biodiversity, Climate and Food Policies

    Land use is central to many of the environmental and socio-economic issues facing society today. This report examines on-going challenges for aligning land-use policy with climate, biodiversity and food objectives, and the opportunities to enhance the sustainability of land-use systems. It looks at six countries – Brazil, France, Indonesia, Ireland, Mexico and New Zealand – with relatively large agricultural and forestry sectors and associated greenhouse gas emissions, many of which also host globally important biodiversity. Drawing on these countries’ relevant national strategies and plans, institutional co-ordination and policy instruments, the report provides good practice insights on how to better align land use decision-making processes and to achieve stronger coherence between land use, climate, ecosystems and food objectives.
  • 6-March-2020

    English

    Pesticides publications (Chronological order)

    Two new reports have been released in the Series on Pesticides: A Guidance Document for the Assessment of the Equivalence of Technical Grade Active Ingredients for Identical Microbial Strains and a Guidance Document on Residues in Rotational Crops.

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  • 6-March-2020

    English

    Blog: 5 things we learned at the OECD Wildfires Conference

    It has been another unusually mild winter in Europe, with January and February feeling more like the beginning of spring. At the same time, summer in the Southern Hemisphere could not have been more different. Australians experienced the hottest and driest summer on record. Since the 1980s temperatures have been steadily rising in Australia, with the annual national mean temperature in 2019 being 1.52 °C above the 1961–1990 average.

  • 5-March-2020

    English

    Global Forum on Environment: Mainstreaming Gender and Empowering Women for Environmental Sustainability

    5-6 March 2020 - This OECD Global Forum reinforced synergies between environmental policies and economic and social goals, such as achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment. It highlighted gender specific impacts of environmental degradation and discussed how a gender lens could reduce the overall environmental footprint. All the speakers' presentations are now available online.

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  • 2-March-2020

    English

    Section 3 Software: Environmental Fate and Behaviour (Softwares for TG 305 and TG 318)

    Software to be used for Test Guidelines 305 and 318

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  • 2-March-2020

    English

    Environment Policy Committee (EPOC)

    The Environment Policy Committee (EPOC) implements the OECD’s Environment Programme and consists of senior-level delegates from capitals and meets three times every two years. The Committee holds meetings at the Ministerial level approximately every four years to discuss biodiversity, climate change, circular economy, green finance, ocean, waste, water and the key challenges in moving forward.

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  • 26-February-2020

    English

    2020 Annual Meeting of the GREEN Action Task Force

    The 2020 Annual meeting of the GREEN Action Task Force will take place on 13-14 October in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The conference will provide an opportunity for members and partners to discuss their progress in implementing the GREEN Action Task Force work programme.

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