Latest Documents


  • 10-August-2010

    English

    Plan or React? Analysis of Adaptation Costs and Benefits Using Integrated Assessment Models - Environment Working Paper No. 23

    This working paper examines adaptation and mitigation within an integrated framework and presents the first inter-model comparison of results on adaptation costs.

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  • 9-August-2010

    English

    Costs, Revenues and Effectiveness of the Copenhagen Accord Emission Pledges for 2010 - Environment Working Paper No. 22

    Many countries have pledged targets or actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This working paper examines the costs and effectiveness of these pledges, using the OECD’s ENV-Linkages computable general equilibrium model.

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  • 9-August-2010

    English

    Water - The right price can encourage efficiency and investment

    Climate change and over-use of water will mean that nearly one in every two people will live in water-stressed areas by 2030. Households, industry and agriculture will increasingly compete for water, leaving little to sustain ecosystems.

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  • 5-August-2010

    English

    Towards Global Carbon Pricing: Direct and Indirect Linking of Carbon Markets - Environment Working Paper No. 20

    Emissions trading systems (ETS) can play a major role in a cost-effective climate policy framework. This working paper shows that the potential gains to be reaped are so large, that substantial efforts in this domain are warranted.

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  • 5-August-2010

    English

    Buying and Cancelling Allowances as an Alternative to Offsets for the Voluntary Market: A Preliminary Review of Issues and Options - Environment Working Paper No. 21

    This working paper explores scenarios under which, as an alternative to offsets, voluntary buyers could instead buy and cancel allowances from compliance markets.

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  • 4-August-2010

    English

    Voluntary Carbon Markets: How can they serve climate policies - Environment Working Paper No. 19

    This working paper aims to examine how voluntary carbon markets can provide a valuable contribution to strengthening domestic and international climate policies.

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  • 3-August-2010

    English

    Ten new and updated Test Guidelines have been adopted by Council on 22 July 2010

    Ten new and updated Test Guidelines have been adopted by Council on 22 July 2010

  • 22-July-2010

    English

    Test No. 442B: Skin Sensitization - Local Lymph Node Assay: BrdU-ELISA

    The Local Lymph Node Assay: BrdU-ELISA (LLNA:BrdU-ELISA) is a non-radioactive modification to the LLNA method for identifying potential skin sensitizing test substances and measuring the proliferation of lymphocytes they induce in the auricular lymph nodes. The method described in mouse (CBA/JN strain) is based on the use of measuring 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) content, an analogue of thymidine, as an indicator of this

  • 22-July-2010

    English

    Test No. 233: Sediment-Water Chironomid Life-Cycle Toxicity Test Using Spiked Water or Spiked Sediment

    This Guideline is designed to assess the effects of prolonged exposure of chemicals to the life-cycle of the sediment-dwelling freshwater dipteran Chironomus sp. First instar chironomid larvae are exposed to five concentrations of the test chemical in sediment-water systems. The test substance is spiked into the water or alternatively the sediment, and first instar larvae are subsequently introduced into test beakers in which the

  • 22-July-2010

    English

    Test No. 487: In Vitro Mammalian Cell Micronucleus Test

    The in vitro micronucleus test is a genotoxicity test for the detection of micronuclei in the cytoplasm of interphase cells. Micronuclei may originate from acentric chromosome fragments (i.e. lacking a centromere), or whole chromosomes that are unable to migrate to the poles during the anaphase stage of cell division. The assay detects the activity of clastogenic and aneugenic test substances in cells that have undergone cell

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