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Water is as essential to human activity as air. When cities or societies neglect water, they face collapse. By Jack Moss, Chair of BIAC Water Group, for OECD Observer.
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The current document provides policy guidance in order to improve ERCA indicators in the region of Eastern Europe, Caucasus, and Central Asia (EECCA).
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The paper presents an overview of the main features of the existing EECCA systems of surface water quality standards and the need to improve them. It also describes the key conceptual directions for reform based on OECD and EECCA country experience.
The current crisis provides an impetus to push forward difficult reform, an opportunity that should not be wasted for the water sector, according to Angel Gurría. He affirmed that there were huge opportunities for job-creating and “shovel ready” investments in the water sector, particularly for water saving and the rehabilitation of networks, which require relatively short design and construction planning, compared to other types of
One billion people cannot get clean drinking water and 2.5 billion lack access to basic sanitation which cause 1.5 million preventable child deaths per year. While addressing the emergency of the current crisis, we must not forget that water is the most essential good and we should find new and innovative approaches to allow everyone access to water and sanitation, according to the OECD Secretary-General.
Monetary penalties (fines) are the most widespread administrative environmental enforcement instrument in EECCA countries as well as internationally, intended both to punish non-compliance and prevent its future re-occurrence.
This report reviews the pros and cons of alternative sources of water (reused water and rainwater) and of decentralised systems to collect, produce and use them.
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This document provides EECCA environmental authorities with guidance on how to determine and apply administrative fines for environmental offences.
"Key Issues of the Post-2012 Climate Change Framework" Global Forum on Sustainable Development (Annex I Expert Group)4-5 March 2009, Paris, OECD Conference Centre, Paris, France