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This policy brief provides a comprehensive overview of key issues in the financing of water and sanitation and presents a number of tools and approaches developed by the OECD to assist policy makers and practitioners in this area.
Better water management is vital to meet human needs, sustain economic activities, and achieve environmental goals. Yet, governments face challenges in navigating the political economy of reform in the water sector.
Providing sustainable drinking water supply and sanitation services requires sound financial basis and strategic financial planning to ensure that existing and future financial resources are commensurate with investment needs as well as the costs of operating and maintaining services.
Investing in and managing water and sanitation is a complex challenge. In the context of the Global Forum on Environment this week, OECD looks at the financial realities of funding water infrastructure.
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Since its establishment in 1971, this Committee has played a key role as a pathfinder for effective and economically efficient responses to environmental challenges: from polluted air to municipal waste, from scarce water to the ozone depletion, and from biodiversity loss to climate change.
This Inventory provides reliable and comparable data on support or tax expenditures for fossil fuel production or use in OECD countries. Reforming fossil fuel subsidies can contribute to achieving economic and fiscal objectives, while also tackling environmental problems like climate change.
Governments and taxpayers spent about half a trillion dollars last year supporting the production and consumption of fossil fuels. Removing inefficient subsidies would raise national revenues and reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, according to OECD and IEA analyses.
This Guidance Document will help in planning the trials in OECD countries and in interpreting the results.It is part of the Series on Pesticides (no. 66).
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This document is based on a report produced by P. van der Poel and J. Bakker of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), the Netherlands, and overseen by the OECD Task Force on Environmental Exposure Assessment (TFEEA) . The first draft was submitted in June 2003. The TFEEA discussed the first draft at the 11th meeting September 2003 and the second draft at the 12th meeting in September 2004. The draft was