Latest Documents


  • 17-October-2012

    English

    Sustainable Materials Management - Making Better Use of Resources

    Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) is increasingly recognised as a policy approach that can make a key contribution to green growth and the challenges that are posed by sustained global economic and demogarphic growth. One of the key challenges of the SMM approach is to effectively address the environmental impacts that can occur along the life-cycle of materials, which frequently extends across borders and involves a multitude of different economic actors.   This book outlines a series of policy principles for SMM, examines how to set and use targets for SMM, and explores various policy instruments for SMM.  In addition it provides examples of policy action plans from the UK and the Netherlands, before presenting a series of conclusions and recommendations.
  • 15-October-2012

    English, PDF, 1,466kb

    Policy brief on Sustainable Materials Management: A Synthesis

    Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) is increasingly recognised as a policy approach that can make a key contribution to green growth and the challenges that are posed by sustained global economic and demogarphic growth.

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  • 12-October-2012

    English, PDF, 1,424kb

    Case Study on Critical Metals in Mobile Phones

    This report focuses on four key policy issues: life-cycle externalities, trade policy impacts, material substitution and hazardous waste policies, and used and end-of-life mobile device management. Across these key policy issues, this report has identified the following observations relating to sustainable materials management.

  • 8-October-2012

    English

    COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

    The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

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  • 5-October-2012

    English

  • 3-October-2012

    English

    Ten new, updated, or corrected Test Guidelines have been adopted by the OECD Council

    The new Test Guidelines are: TG 457 and TG 460. The updated Test Guidelines are TG 109, TG 114, TG 229, TG 211, TG 305, TG 455, and TG 405. The corrected Test Guideline is TG 443

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  • 3-October-2012

    English

    Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

    Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

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  • 3-October-2012

    English, PDF, 1,097kb

    New Brochure on food, feed and environmental safety of modern biotechnology: available

    This brochure (version: October 2012) presents the activities of the OECD "Working Group on Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology" and the "Task Force for the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds”.

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  • 2-October-2012

    English

    Test No. 457: BG1Luc Estrogen Receptor Transactivation Test Method for Identifying Estrogen Receptor Agonists and Antagonists

    This Test Guideline describes an in vitro assay, which provides concentration-response data for substances with in vitro ER agonist and antagonist activity. The test system utilises the BG1Luc4E2 cell line derived from a human ovarian adenocarcinoma and stably transfected with a ER responsive luciferase reporter gene. This cell line can evaluate TA mediated by ER alpha and ER beta. The cells are plated into 96-well plate and exposed to 7 (range finder tests) and 11 (comprehensive test) non-cytotoxic concentrations of the test chemical for 19-24 hours to induce the reporter gene product (luciferase). Its activity is measured in a luminometer. Acceptance or rejection of a test is based on the evaluation of reference standard and control results from each experiment conducted on a 96-well plate. A positive response is identified by a concentration–response curve containing at least three points with non-overlapping error bars, as well as a change in amplitude (normalized relative light unit) of at least 20 % of the maximal value for the reference substance (17beta-estradiol for the agonist assay, raloxifene HCL/ 17beta-estradiol for the antagonist assay).

  • 2-October-2012

    English

    Test No. 443: Extended One-Generation Reproductive Toxicity Study

    This Test Guideline is designed to provide an evaluation of reproductive and developmental effects that may occur as a result of pre- and postnatal chemical exposure as well as an evaluation of systemic toxicity in pregnant and lactating females and young and adult offspring. In the assay, sexually-mature males and females rodents (parental (P) generation) are exposed to graduated doses of the test substance starting 2 weeks before mating and continuously through mating, gestation and weaning of their pups (F1 generation). At weaning, pups are selected and assigned to cohorts of animals for reproductive/developmental toxicity testing (cohort 1), developmental neurotoxicity testing (cohort 2) and developmental immunotoxicity testing (cohort 3). The F1 offspring receive further treatment with the test substance from weaning to adulthood. Clinical observations and pathology examinations are performed on all animals for signs of toxicity, with special emphasis on the integrity and performance of the male and female reproductive systems and the health, growth, development and function of the offspring. Part of cohort 1 (cohort 1B) may be extended to include an F2 generation; in this case, procedures for F1 animals will be similar to those for the P animals.

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