This document describes four quantitative methods for efficacy evaluation: bactericidal, mycobactericidal, fungicidal and virucidal. Regulatory authorities have relied upon efficacy data generated using these methods to authorise the placing of biocidal products on the market.
Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.
"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.
This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.
Chinese, PDF, 369kb
These guidelines aim to strike a balance between risk and benefit by drawing the attention of those at the top of industry to the need for high standards of corporate governance in relation to the management of high hazard industries. Chinese version.
Norwegian, PDF, 2,575kb
These guidelines aim to strike a balance between risk and benefit by drawing the attention of those at the top of industry to the need for high standards of corporate governance in relation to the management of high hazard industries. Norwegian version.
English, PDF, 275kb
Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances, is to be the preferred worldwide source of information about chemicals from authorities and international organisations.
Green growth is vital to secure a brighter, more sustainable future for developing countries. Developing countries will pay a high price for failing to tackle local and global environmental threats because they are more dependent on natural resources and are more vulnerable to resources scarcity and natural disasters.
This book presents evidence that green growth is the only way to sustain growth and development over the long-term. Green growth does not replace sustainable development, but is a means to achieve it. Green growth values natural assets, which are essential to the well-being and livelihoods of people in developing countries, and if policies are designed to respond to the needs of the poorest, green growth can contribute to poverty reduction and social equity.
Building on experience with green growth policies in developing countries and extensive consultations with developing country stakeholders, this report provides a twin-track approach with agendas for national and international action. It responds to developing country concerns about the technical challenges arising from early efforts to “go green” and documents a wealth of examples from developing countries. Green growth objectives and policies will need to be mainstreamed into every government objective and most importantly, into national budgets. Green growth policies can use untapped opportunities to boost domestic fiscal revenues and attract quality investment for years to come. International co-operation is needed to help mitigate the short-term costs that may be associated with pursuing green growth. International flows of money, trade and technology know-how is vital to encourage pursuit of green growth in developing countries.
Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.
The objective of the Guidance Document is to provide guidance on how to interpret the outcome of individual tests and how to increase evidence on whether or not a substance may be an endocrine disrupter. However, testing strategies or guidance on interpretation from a suite of tests are not given.