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  • 28-May-2020

    English

    What policies for greening the crisis response and economic recovery? - Lessons learned from past green stimulus measures and implications for the COVID-19 crisis

    This paper evaluates green stimulus packages that were introduced in response to the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2007-08 and draws lessons relevant for greening the recovery from the Coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis. The paper underscores the importance of building in policy evaluation mechanisms into green stimulus measures. It also provides evidence that the implementation of sufficiently large, timely and properly designed green stimulus measures can generate economic growth, create jobs and bring about environmental benefits. However, there are also trade-offs between competing economic, environmental and social policy objectives, which underscores the importance of proper policy design.
  • 27-May-2020

    English

    Financing Water Supply, Sanitation and Flood Protection - Challenges in EU Member States and Policy Options

    The OECD and the Directorate-General for Environment, the European Commission department responsible for EU policy on the environment, joined forces to examine current and future water-related financing challenges faced by EU member states. These include investments needed to comply with EU regulation for water supply, wastewater collection and treatment, and flood protection. As part of the research, new data was produced on current levels of expenditure for water supply, sanitation and flood protection, as well as on projected needs. It supported a comparison across member states and substantiated tailored policy discussions in selected countries and at European level. This report captures the rationale for the research, the main quantitative outcomes and the policy issues and recommendations that derived from this two-year co-operation. Lessons from Europe outlined in this report can inspire similar research and policy discussions in other parts of the world.
  • 25-May-2020

    English

    Biocides

    The objective of the OECD Biocide Programme is to attain a harmonised approach in the regulation of biocides in all OECD countries. The OECD is thus working on harmonising the main data requirements for biocides and the methodologies for the interpretation of these data.

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  • 25-May-2020

    English

    OECD Clean Energy Finance and Investment Mobilisation Programme

    This OECD programme, also referred to as CEFIM, aims to strengthen domestic enabling conditions to attract finance and investment in renewable electricity and energy efficiency in five emerging economies in Asia and Latin America. The programme will support countries in the development of policies and instruments to help scale up a pipeline of bankable clean energy projects.

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  • 20-May-2020

    English

    Exploring options to measure the climate consistency of real economy investments - The transport sector in Latvia

    Mitigating climate change requires aligning real economy investments with climate objectives. This pilot study measures the climate consistency of investments in transport infrastructure and vehicles in Latvia between 2008 and 2018, estimated at EUR 1.5 billion per year on average. To do so, three complementary mitigation-related reference points are used. Applying the criteria defined by the European Union Taxonomy for Sustainable Activities results in 4.2% of investments assessed as making a substantial contribution to climate change mitigation. Comparing actual greenhouse gas trajectories for each transport mode to a 2°C scenario from the International Energy Agency’s for the European Union and to projections from Latvia’s 5th National Communication to the UNFCCC, indicates 32% climate-consistent and up to 9% climate-inconsistent investments. The majority of investments volumes could at this stage not be characterised due to limitations relating to the granularity or coverage of the reference points. Comparing current trends to 2030 and 2050 decarbonisation targets nevertheless highlights future investment and financing challenges, especially for road transport. The methodology piloted in this study can be replicated and scaled up across countries and sectors, using different or complementary reference points specifically aligned to the temperature goal of the Paris Agreement.
  • 19-May-2020

    English

    EU4Environment virtual consultation with Armenia

    On 19 May 2020, the EU4Environment Implementing Partners, jointly with the Ministries of Environment and of Economy in the Republic of Armenia, held a virtual consultation. The objectives were to review the in-country situation in light of COVID-19; present progress with EU4Environment implementation in each EaP country; discuss plans for the rest of the year in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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  • 18-May-2020

    English

    EU Water Initiative (EUWI): Water Policy Reforms in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA)

    The objective of the European Union Water Initiative is to create the conditions for mobilising all available EU resources (human & financial), and to co-ordinate them to achieve the water-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in partner countries. This initiative was launched at the World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002.

  • 15-May-2020

    English

    Labour market consequences of a transition to a circular economy - A review paper

    Resource efficiency and circular economy policies aim at reducing resource intensity and use throughout the economy, thereby decreasing environmental impacts. Besides the environmental benefits expected from these policies, potential employment benefits are often emphasised, which would follow the anticipated structural changes in the economy from material-intensive to more labour-intensive activities. However, the size of the employment effect is still unclear and difficult to quantify. To date, the quantitative literature on the employment impacts of the circular economy is still scarce. This study is the first of its kind to review the available studies on this increasingly important policy issue.
  • 12-May-2020

    English, PDF, 866kb

    UK - Country fact sheet- Financing Water Supply, Sanitation and Flood Protection

    UK - Country fact sheet- Financing Water Supply, Sanitation and Flood Protection

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  • 12-May-2020

    English, PDF, 624kb

    The Netherlands - Country fact sheet- Financing Water Supply, Sanitation and Flood Protection

    The Netherlands - Country fact sheet- Financing Water Supply, Sanitation and Flood Protection

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