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The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 has identified water as one of the four critical environmental priorities for the coming two decades. On current trends, 47% of the world’s population will live in areas of high water stress in 2030. The world has enough water resources, but it needs to manage them better.
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This paper presents a summary of the major lessons learnt from the review of five cases of performance-based contracting in the water sector in three countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), namely Armenia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.
Would people invest more in clean water if they knew just how expensive dirty water is? World Water Day is an opportunity to remind governments worldwide that they have a responsibility to invest in clean water for the health of their citizens and their environments.
This publication draws together and summarises existing information on the benefits of water and sanitation. The provision of water supply, sanitation and wastewater services generates substantial benefits for public health, the economy and the environment.
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The OECD is ready to assist countries in their efforts to find lasting solutions to finance action on climate change, building on the long-standing work of the organisation to share country experiences and identify lessons learnt and policy recommendations for good practice.
Within the OECD Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Programme, sponsors (countries or companies) assess and review industrial chemicals, which can include high production volume (HPV) or non-HPV, existing or new chemicals. Biocides, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and food additives are generally not covered in these activities or are assessed in other OECD programmes.
OECD works with member countries and other stakeholders to cooperatively assess the hazards of industrial chemicals to generate OECD-agreed assessments that are available to the public and that can be used for priority setting, risk assessment and other activities within national or regional programmes.
A 1991 Council Decision resulted in the initiation of cooperatively assessing hazard and exposure of high production volume (HPV) chemicals using the Screening Information Data Set (SIDS) at OECD. In 1998, to coordinate with the International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) initiative, OECD and member countries began to focus on initial hazard assessments of HPV chemicals to increase transparency, efficiency and productivity,
This report reviews policies in OECD countries. It studies selected eco-innovations (e.g. carbon capture and storage, electric vehicles and fuel cells) and explains why policies differ in Canada, France, or Germany.
This document is the report of the OECD Seminar Pesticide Risk Reduction Strategies near/in Residential Areas that was held on 17 November, 2009 in Tokyo, Japan.