This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.
The aquatic life benchmarks (for freshwater species) are based on toxicity values reviewed by EPA and used in the Agency's most recent risk assessments developed as part of the decision-making process for pesticide registration. Each Aquatic Life Benchmark is based on the most sensitive, scientifically acceptable toxicity endpoint available for a given taxon of all scientifically acceptable toxicity data available to EPA.
Default options have been shown to affect behaviour in a variety of economic choice tasks, including health care and retirement savings. This study uses data from a randomized controlled experiment in which the default settings on office thermostats in an OECD office building were manipulated during the winter heating season, and employees’ chosen thermostat setting observed over a 6 week period.
OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.
This page contains a list of the Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals.
This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.
This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.
This book presents a series of papers that explore the extent to which technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving climate change mitigation objectives.
English, PDF, 772kb
This paper discusses good practice and presents options for how guidance might be developed for a number of elements in setting a national emissions baseline. For each element, two options are presented, which can be considered as “tiers” that move from less detailed to more detailed guidance.
English, PDF, 805kb
This paper identifies the key design elements of market mechanisms and examines the governance structures and decision-making processes used to create tradable greenhouse gas (GHG) units in existing systems both inside and outside of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).