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This report outlines principles for successful carbon pricing, based on economic principles and experience of what is already working around the world. It is intended to provide a foundation for designing efficient, and cost-effective carbon pricing instruments—primarily explicit carbon taxes and emissions trading systems—at the national and sub-national level.
The UN Conference on Climate Change (COP21) in Paris 30 November-11 December is a once-in-a-generation opportunity to reach a new international agreement to combat climate change and accelerate our transition to a low-carbon economy. The “carbon entanglement” of our economies is keeping us on a collision course with nature.
This report is the third OECD review of environmental performance in the Netherlands. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on sustainable mobility, and waste and materials management.
The OECD Environmental Performance Review Programme provides independent assessments of country progress in achieving domestic and international environmental policy commitments. The reviews are conducted to improve environmental performance, promote peer learning and enhance accountability. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and provide policy-relevant recommendations.
Each review cycle covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies. The most recent reviews include: Spain (2015), Poland (2015), Sweden (2014).
A ground-breaking OECD survey offers insights to policy-makers on the factors that influence household behaviour towards the environment. It provides answers to the key question: How can the impact of policies encouraging greener behaviour be heightened? It also provides a deeper understanding of behavioural responses to measures and how these may differ across households and regions.
This project is unique in that it explores how national-level policies impact household behaviour. Topics include energy use, food consumption, personal transport choices, waste generation and recycling, and water consumption. Yet the project does not specifically discuss the term “ecological footprint,” and it retains a macro-policy focus, targeting governments interested in learning which policies to implement.
The topic of biodiversity loss has been the subject of a vast and growing scientific and economic literature. Species are estimated to be going extinct at rates 100 to 1000 times faster than in geological times. Globally, terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.
Read the latest articles on climate change by the OECD Observer, which helps policymakers stay ahead of today’s pressing challenges.
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Brazil has made tremendous progress in terms of its environmental performance, but rigorous policy implementation remains critically important, according to the OECD’s first-ever Environmental Performance Review of Brazil. Greening the economy can also bring huge social and economic opportunities.
To increase transparency and improve understanding of different countries’ situations, the OECD has developed an interactive map that brings to life key climate change mitigation statistics and policy settings. The webinar on Monday 16 November 2015, 15h00-16h30 (Paris time) consisted of a summary of the main messages of the report "Climate Change Mitigation: Policies and Progress" and a demonstration of the interactive tool.
Policy makers should do much more to encourage pension funds and other institutional investors to put their ample assets into sustainable energy infrastructure. The wins would be significant. The question is how?