Latest Documents


  • 22-March-2017

    English

    Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters - Emerging Policy Solutions

    After decades of regulation and investment to reduce point source water pollution, OECD countries still face water quality challenges (e.g. eutrophication) from diffuse agricultural and urban sources of pollution, that is disperse pollution from surface runoff, soil filtration and atmospheric deposition. The relative lack of progress reflects the complexities of controlling multiple pollutants from multiple sources, their high spatial and temporal variability, associated transactions costs, and limited political acceptability of regulatory measures. This report outlines the water quality challenges facing OECD countries today, presents a range of policy instruments and innovative case studies of diffuse pollution control, and concludes with an integrated policy framework to tackle diffuse water pollution. An optimal approach will likely entail a mix of policy interventions reflecting the basic OECD principles of water quality management – pollution prevention, treatment at source, the polluter pays and beneficiary pays principles, equity, and policy coherence.
  • 20-March-2017

    English

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: New Zealand 2017

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies. The most recent reviews include Chile and France (2016).This report is the third Environmental Performance Review of New Zealand. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on water resources management and sustainable urban development.
  • 20-March-2017

    English, PDF, 2,585kb

    Highlights - Environmental Performance Reviews - New Zealand 2017

    New Zealand’s natural environment is part of its cultural identity and a pillar of its economic growth, but it can’t be taken for granted. It is vital to make full use of existing tools to curb environmental pressures.

  • 16-March-2017

    English, PDF, 4,433kb

    Highlights - Environmental Performance Reviews: Korea 2017

    Korea's rapid economic growth has been accompanied by significant pollution and consumption of resources. Increased investment has improved access to environmental services, but disparities remain between rural and urban areas. The country has created a strong green growth policy framework. Its future prosperity rests on implementing this ambitious transition to a green, low-carbon economy.

  • 16-March-2017

    English

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Korea 2017

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies. The most recent reviews include Chile and France (2016).
    This report is the third Environmental Performance Review of Korea. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on waste and materials management, and environmental justice.
  • 1-March-2017

    English, PDF, 2,936kb

    Highlights - Environmental Performance Reviews: Estonia 2017

    Since 2000, Estonia’s small, open economy is still highly carbon- and energy‑intensive, due to its dependence on oil shale. The oil shale mining and processing sector still causes considerable damage to the air, soil and water. Estonia is pursuing an ambitious green tax reform, and the environmental goods and services sector is developing fast. However, the country needs to accelerate the transition to a green, low-carbon economy.

  • 1-March-2017

    English

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Estonia 2017

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies. The most recent reviews include Chile and France (2016).This report is the first Environmental Performance Review of Estonia. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on waste and materials management, and mining and the environment.
  • 1-March-2017

    English

    OECD Water site

    This website gathers the OECD's policy guidance on water to help the global community meet the increasing demand for innovative and effective approaches to water management.

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  • 23-February-2017

    English, PDF, 1,391kb

    Oceans - What's happening 2017-18

    The world’s oceans, seas and marine resources provide invaluable benefits to our economies and to human wellbeing. The OECD works to provide countries with policy insights and data on a plethora of key issues relevant to Sustainable Development Goal 14: to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

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  • 20-February-2017

    English

    Managing multi-purpose water infrastructure: A review of international experience - Environment Working Paper

    In this paper, the term multi-purpose water infrastructure (MPWI) encompasses all man-made water systems, including dams, dykes, reservoirs and associated irrigation canals and water supply networks, which may be used for more than one purpose (for economic, social and environmental activities); it also explores the complexity in designing, financing, regulating and managing MPWI projects.

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