Nanotechnology is an emerging and promising field for advanced applications in industrial, commercial and medical sectors, and nanomaterials can be found today in sunscreens, deodorants and textiles. Yet these nanomaterials, which are increasing in number, are entering waste streams as part of end-of-life products along with conventional waste, without any real understanding of their environmental impacts or health risks on human beings and living organisms.
This report provides a literature review on four specific waste treatment processes (recycling, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment). While state-of-the-art waste treatment facilities may collect, divert or eliminate nanomaterials from these waste streams, the report concludes that knowledge gaps associated with their final disposal remain, underlining the need for further research in this area.
New report describes OECD's on-line Pesticide Risk Indicators (PRIs) database, and how it can be used. The database includes information on existing PRIs which are used by governments to track trends in risk resulting from the use of agricultural pesticides. The report summarises information on each indicator in the database, including the purpose of the indicator, requirements for data input, user friendliness and additional features.
“If He holds back the waters, there is drought; if He lets them loose, they devastate the land”. To be fair, that was in the days before governments played “a key role in developing targeted policy responses to market failures that impede the mitigation and allocation of drought and flood risks”, as the OECD report on Mitigating Droughts and Floods in Agriculture puts it.
Paris is a beautiful city but has an ugly problem with air pollution. Using 2 wheels to get to work, one becomes acutely aware of this insidious addiction to cars, and the “essence” of the problem, DIESEL.
This new document focuses on the evaluation of test methods applied to determine the physico-chemical properties of different types of nanomaterials.
This document constitutes the report of a workshop which was held at the OECD with the purpose of both improving the general understanding of “New Plant Breeding Techniques ” (and products derived through them) and sharing experiences of the environmental risk/safety assessment of these products.
This work describes the various endeavours of OECD countries to develop harmonised methodologies for birds toxicity testing, including the successful outcomes or the reasons for stopping activities in some cases. The work has required commitment from countries and industry in terms of staffing and laboratory resources to perform experimental testing and generate data.
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Despite a relatively good performance on several points compared to other countries, there is still scope for improving the effectiveness of Israel’s taxation policy from an environmental perspective.
The IEA is pleased to announce the second event in its new distinguished speaker series, Big IdEAs, which brings global leaders and decision makers to the IEA to share their views on a range of global issues. On Friday 29 January starting at 11h30, Professor Sir David King, the UK Foreign Secretary’s Special Representative for Climate Change, will speak on "Towards decarbonising the global economy".
Outdoor air pollution is a major determinant of health worldwide. The objective of this paper is to inform the development of improved estimates of the social costs of human morbidity impacts resulting from outdoor air pollution in two components; namely to develop a core set of pollutant-health end-points to be covered when estimating the costs of morbidity, and to review current estimates of the cost of morbidity from air pollution.