This report draws on three detailed case studies in Eastern Europe, the Caucases and Central Asia (EECCA), and on the experience of OECD countries to provide guidance on how transfers from central budgets to local authorities could be designed to finance environmental infrastructures in transition economies. Ideally, the costs of water supply and sanitation should be covered by user charges. However, the high investment costs and
Identification de mesures complémentaires permettant d'assurer un maximum d'avantages de la libéralisation des échanges de biens et de services environnementaux.
OECD Trade and Environment Working Papers Nos. 2004-01, 02, 03 and 04. Identifying complementary measures to ensure the maximum realisation of benefits from the liberalisation of trade and environmental goods and services.
English, , 405kb
This study discusses the impact of liberalizing trade in environmental goods and services in Brazil. (OECD Trade and Environment Working Paper No. 2004-04.)
More open markets have brought economic benefits to a broad range of countries over the years, including many in the developing world. How can the Doha Development Agenda talks on further opening up markets in agriculture, industrial and consumer goods, and services be made to live up to their name? Who stands to gain from more open markets and less government support in agriculture? How can developing countries make the most of new
Extended Producer Responsibility is a concept where manufacturers and importers of products should bear a significant degree of responsibility for the environmental impacts of their products throughout the product life-cycle, including upstream impacts inherent in the selection of materials for the products, impacts from manufacturers’ production process itself, and downstream impacts from the use and disposal of the products.
English, , 68kb
English, , 49kb
English, , 25kb
English, , 147kb
OECD and the UN: securing access to safe water and sanitation