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Using Non-Regulatory Means to Manage Risks
Over the last few years, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of new and innovative approaches for managing risks posed by chemicals. OECD countries have found that traditional "command and con...
Governments have been paying increasing attention to the opportunities to improve the environment by selecting environmentally sounder products. This publication describes the successes, the efforts and the difficulties encountered.
This report evaluates strategies to improve the efficiency with which environmental resources are used to meet human needs. Many firms in OECD countries have developed strategies that involve: - developing goals to reduce resource use and polluta...
In February 1996, OECD Ministers agreed to a Council Recommendation on improving the Environmental Performance of Government. This Recommendation is needed to spur Member country governments to reduce the environmental impacts of their own operations and decision-making processes.
It is now widely recognised that a greater use of market based instruments is a key element of effective and economically efficient environmental policies, and an important framework condition for sustainable development. Hence, over the last dec...
English, , 642kb
This paper has been prepared by the EAP Task Force Secretariat at the OECD. It analyses the decentralization trends and current practices of local environmental managers in the NIS. It further provides best practices for reforming local environme...
English, , 184kb
This paper summarizes the findings of Phases I and II and reports on the progress of two pilot studies under way. It illustrates ways to improve the process of prioritizing public investments through consideration of the monetary value of the cos...
Severe environmental problems were a key issue in the protests that marked the end of communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The book shows that economic reforms provided a crucial stimulus for environmental improvement, leading to reductions...
As with lead, basic background information on cadmium was collected and published as a monograph in 1994. A workshop was held in Saltsjobaden, Sweden in 1995 in order to further characterise the problem and determine the need for risk ma...