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Kazakhstan has developed an extensive corpus of environmental laws and put in place a system of non-compliance response in order to make environmental law work. This system foresees administrative, civil, and criminal liability and provides for administrative and judicial paths of enforcement.&l
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Ensuring an effective regulation of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises is a substantial policy challenge for environmental authorities worldwide, not least because this group has a number of particularities that inhibit the impact of conventional compliance monitoring and enforcement approaches.
This report provides a synthesis of government responses to the 2008 OECD survey on incentives toward Sustainable Materials Management (SMM).
This working paper reviews different approaches to making the economic case for improved management of natural capital in national planning. In many low-income countries natural resources sectors (agriculture, mining, forestry, fishery) are identified as the engines of economic growth.
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The Nanoscale Materials Stewardship Program (NMSP) was developed to help provide a firmer scientific foundation for regulatory decisions by encouraging submission and development of information for nanoscale materials. The NMSP comprised two sub-programs, the Basic Program and the In-Depth Program. When the NMSP was initiated, EPA committed to issue this interim report after one year. The Agency welcomes comments on this interim
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The Pesticides Programme has undertaken work to: (i) identify and overcome obstacles to work-sharing; (ii) harmonise data requirements and test guidelines; and (iii) harmonise hazard/risk assessment approaches.
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Based on a review of empirical studies, this book analyses the determinants of environmental behaviour in five key areas where households exert pressure on the environment: energy use, transport, waste generation, food consumption and water use.
This book is part of the OECD Environmental Performance Reviews Programme, which conducts peer reviews of environmental conditions and progress in each member country. It scrutinises countries' efforts to meet both domestic objectives and international commitments.
This report summarises the main results that emerged from discussion at the 2nd OECD Workshop on Sustainable Materials Management which was hosted by Israel in Tel-Aviv, 7-9 April 2008.