Cost-benefit analyses and other quantitative appraisals are used in many countries to support decision-making in public policy, including investment projects in sectors such as transport and energy. This paper discusses the range of approaches which can be employed to value changes in carbon emissions in policy appraisalsand presents some case studies and a survey of current practice in OECD countries.
Raw materials are essential for the global economy and future development depends on their continued supply. Like fossil fuels, minerals are non-renewable. In general, their deposits in the Earth’s crust are also geographically clustered, making security of supply a potential risk. The purpose of this report is to perform for the first time an analysis of critical minerals for the OECD countries as a whole.
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This glossy provides an overview of work happening over the next two years and is the reference document for a glimpse into the key elements of OECD work on the environment.
Over the past two decades, OECD governments, the private sector and others have spent considerable resources on environmental protection and waste reduction. Yet, waste generation is still on the rise. To help governments make further progress in this area, the OECD is now engaging in an effort to establish an inventory of waste prevention measures that are in place and to identify the most effective policies.
NPD in Moldova
The European Union Water Initiative was launched at the World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. The objective is to create the conditions for mobilising all available EU resources (human & financial), and to coordinate them to achieve the water-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in partner countries.
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Report to the G20 Climate Finance Study Group prepared by the OECD.
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This brochure provides an overview of OECD work on water. Water policies around the world are in urgent need of reform. OECD work identifies the priority areas where governments need to focus their reform efforts.
This document gives a recommendations on the Use of Assessment Factors for Intra- and Interspecies Differences in Human Health Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials.
The objective of the OECD Biocide Programme is to attain a harmonised approach in the regulation of biocides in all OECD countries. The OECD is thus working on harmonising the main data requirements for biocides and the methodologies for the interpretation of these data.