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  • 28-January-2019

    English

    Saving Costs in Chemicals Management - How the OECD Ensures Benefits to Society

    The chemical industry is one of the largest industrial sectors in the world and is expected to grow fourfold by 2060. Indeed modern life without chemicals would be inconceivable. Given the potential environmental and human health risks from exposure to chemicals, governments and industry have a major responsibility to ensure that chemicals are produced and used safely.The OECD assists countries in developing and implementing policies and instruments that protect human health and the environment, and in making their systems for managing chemicals as efficient as possible. To eliminate duplication of work and avoid non-tariff barriers to trade, emphasis has been on developing shared frameworks for gathering and assessing information on potential chemical risks. The time-tested OECD Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) system provides a major basis for generating savings to governments and industry. This report provides an overview of the benefits and estimates the total savings from OECD work to be more than EUR 309 million per year.
  • 25-January-2019

    English

    Adverse Outcome Pathways, Molecular Screening and Toxicogenomics

    The first report describes the linkage between inhibition of complex I of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and motor deficit as in parkinsonian disorders. The second report links chronic binding of antagonist to N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors during brain development leading to neurodegeneration. The third report details the linkage between binding and activation of androgen receptor leading to reproductive dysfunction.

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  • 24-January-2019

    English

    “What will a changing ocean mean to us, our jobs and markets?”

    The iconic ocean explorer Jacques Cousteau once said “For most of history, man has had to fight nature to survive; in this century he is beginning to realise that, in order to survive, he must protect it.”

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  • 23-January-2019

    English

    Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and the Impact of Online Sales - Environment Working Paper

    Extended producer responsibility is a policy approach that aims to increase waste recovery and recycling. Extended producer responsibility systems aim to make producers responsible for the environmental impacts of their products throughout the product chain, from design to the end-of-life phase. This report focuses on free-riding of producers or retailers, which the fast expansion of online sales in recent years has been exacerbating.

  • 14-January-2019

    English

    Environmental Performance Reviews of partner economies

    The OECD has conducted over 90 environmental performance reviews (EPRs) of member countries and selected partners. Three reviews are of Key Partner countries: Brazil, the People's Republic of China and South Africa. A Green Growth Policy Review of Indonesia will be released in 2019.

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  • 14-January-2019

    English

    Resources for Chemical Safety

    The users will find a full description of each tool, how they fit in the general process of chemicals management, and how they facilitate retrieval and exchange of data within and between programmes and jurisdictions.

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  • 8-January-2019

    English

    About environmental performance reviews

    The environmental performance reviews provide an independent assessment and targeted recommendations aimed at improving policies that impact the environment. Read more about the process, the objectives, and the organisation of an environmental review.

  • 8-January-2019

    English

    Database: Policy Instruments for the Environment

    “Policy Instruments for the Environment” (PINE) is a unique database gathering detailed information on policy instruments relevant for environmental protection and natural resource management. The database contains information on multiple types of policy instruments and covers more than 90 countries globally.

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  • 4-January-2019

    English

    Article: The Trillion-Dollar Question: How Can We Unlock the Money Needed to Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy?

    At a time when nationalism is rising and individual countries are facing a growing array of threats, it is critical that we recognize a shared and unprecedented global challenge: We need to double our infrastructure in the next decade to meet global development needs, while achieving a systematic shift away from business-as-usual, carbon-intensive options to low-emissions, resilient infrastructure, to avoid catastrophic climate change.

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