Environmental indicators, modelling and outlooks

OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030


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ISBN: 9789264040489

Release: 5 Mar 2008

How will economic and social developments drive environmental change to 2030?  What policies are needed to address the main environmental challenges?  How can OECD and non-OECD countries best work together to tackle these challenges?

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 provides analyses of economic and environmental trends to 2030, and simulations of policy actions to address the key challenges.  Without new policies, we risk irreversibly damaging the environment and the natural resource base needed to support economic growth and well-being.  The costs of policy inaction are high.

But the Outlook shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today -- including climate changebiodiversity losswater scarcity and the health impacts of pollution -- is both achievable and affordable.  It highlights a mix of policies that can address these challenges in a cost-effective way.  The focus of this Outlook is expanded from the 2001 edition to reflect developments in both OECD countries and Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa (BRIICS), and how they might better co-operate on global and local environmental problem-solving.

This book includes StatLinks, URLs which link statistical tables and graphs to Excel spreadsheets on the internet.



The full Executive Summary or Highlights can be downloaded for free in the following languages:

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Table of contents

Preface by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General (read More)

Executive Summary

Introduction: Context and Methodology


I. Drivers of Environmental Change

Chapter 1. Consumption, Production and Technology
Chapter 2. Population Dynamics and Demographics
Chapter 3. Economic Development
Chapter 4. Globalisation
Chapter 5. Urbanisation
Chapter 6. Key Variations to the Standard Expectation to 2030

II. Impacts of Environmental Change
Chapter 7. Climate Change
Chapter 8. Air Pollution
Chapter 9. Biodiversity
Chapter 10. Freshwater
Chapter 11. Waste and Material Flows
Chapter 12. Health and Environment
Chapter 13. Cost of Policy Inaction


III. Sectoral Developments and Policies
Chapter 14. Agriculture
Chapter 15. Fisheries and Aquaculture
Chapter 16. Transport
Chapter 17. Energy
Chapter 18. Chemicals
Chapter 19. Selected Industries: Steel and cement, Pulp and paper, Tourism and Mining

IV. Putting the Policies Together
Chapter 20. Environmental Policy Packages
Chapter 21. Institutions and Approaches for Policy Implementation
Chapter 22. Global Environmental Co-operation

Annex A. Regional Environmental Implications
Annex B. Modelling Framework

How to obtain this publication

Readers can access the full version of OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 choosing from the following options:


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Multilingual Summaries


 English  Chinese  Danish  Dutch  Finnish  GreekGerman
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Additional information

Background document

Related Events

Policy Briefs

OECD Environmental Outlook Editions


Bookmark this page:  www.oecd.org/environment/outlookto2030