Latest Documents


  • 11-June-2014

    English

    Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

    This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

  • 11-June-2014

    English

    An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

    This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

  • 11-June-2014

    English

    Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

    In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

  • 11-September-2013

    English

    Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

    Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

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  • 30-March-2012

    English

    Environment Ministerial 2012

    Environment Ministers reviewed the implementation of the Environmental Strategy, discussed priorities based on the Environmental Outlook to 2050 which is a strong case for green growth policies and adopted a policy statement as input to Rio+20 UN Conference.

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  • 15-March-2012

    English

    OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050 - The Consequences of Inaction

    Humanity has witnessed unprecedented growth and prosperity in the past decades, with the size of the world economy more than tripling and population increasing by over 3 billion people since 1970. This growth, however, has been accompanied by environmental pollution and natural resource depletion. The current growth model and the mismanagement of natural assets could ultimately undermine human development.

    The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050 asks “What will the next four decades bring?” Based on joint modelling by the OECD and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, it looks forward to the year 2050 to find out what demographic and economic trends might mean for the environment if the world does not adopt more ambitious green policies. It also looks at what policies could change that picture for the better. This Outlook focuses on four areas: climate change, biodiversity, freshwater and health impacts of pollution. These four key environmental challenges were identified by the previous Environmental Outlook to 2030 (OECD, 2008) as “Red Light” issues requiring urgent attention.

  • 15-March-2012

    English

    Environment: Act now or face costly consequences, warns OECD

    As countries struggle with the immediate challenges of stretched public finances and high unemployment, they must not neglect the longer term. Action needs to be taken now to prevent irreversible damage to the environment, according to the OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050.

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  • 15-March-2012

    English

    OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: The Consequences of Inaction

    “What will the next four decades bring?” Based on joint modelling by the OECD and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, this outlook looks forward to 2050 to find out what demographic and economic trends might mean for the environment.

  • 15-March-2012

    Spanish

    Medio Ambiente: Actuar ahora o enfrentar consecuencias costosas en el futuro, advierte la OCDE

    No obstante los retos inmediatos que enfrentan los países en el contexto de finanzas públicas constreñidas y alto desempleo, no deben dejar de atender los retos de largo plazo. Es preciso tomar acciones ahora para prevenir daños irreversibles al medio ambiente.

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  • 15-December-2011

    English

    An Economic Projection to 2050: The OECD "ENV-Linkages" Model Baseline - Environment Working Paper No. 41

    This document describes economic baseline projections to 2050 for several world regions. It describes how socio-economic drivers are used to create a consistent projection of economic activity for the coming decades, applying the general framework of “conditional convergence”.

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