Loss of biodiversity and pressures on ecosystem services are global challenges. Land cover change is the best measure available to monitor pressures on terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. Read more on the new OECD indicator on land cover changes and conversions. Latest release: OECD uses European Space Agency data to measure green growth.
The OECD is working with earth observation data providers and key partners to develop its geospatial data capacity. Earth observation data is a unique source of commensurable information; it can be combined with administrative, social and economic data at multiple scales for in-depth policy analysis.
Green Growth Indicators 2017 charts the progress that OECD countries and G20 economies have made since 1990. The 2017 edition places greater emphasis on productivity gains and on the role of policy action, with enriched analysis on environmentally related taxes and subsidies, technology and innovation, and international financial flows.
Modelling work is aimed to assist governments in identifying the implications of major socio-economic trends on environmental pressures and the consequences of policies or policy mixes to address these. Read the latest paper "The Macroeconomics of the Circular Economy Transition".
Improving resource efficiency is among the top priorities in today’s world, as governments, businesses and civil society are increasingly concerned about natural resource use, environmental impacts, material prices and supply security. Latest country study: Making the Slovak Republic a more source efficient economy.
As international concern about global environment and sustainable development becomes more pressing, government, business and the public all need reliable and harmonised data on the environment. Read more to find OECD environmental data on a specific country and theme.
The OECD is developing an improved method to generate more detailed indicators on protected areas, both terrestrial and marine, for countries across the world. It applies a harmonised methodology to data from the World Database on Protected Areas.
This paper reviews the existing literature on modelling the macroeconomic consequences of the transition to a circular economy. It provides insights into the current state of the art on modelling policies to improve resource efficiency and the transition to a circular economy by examining 24 modelling-based assessments of a circular economy transition.
Traditional measures of productivity do not fully take into account the use of environmental services for economic growth. This is why the OECD has started to integrate pollution and the use of natural resources into a new indicator: “Environmentally adjusted multifactor productivity”.
This project identifies how feedbacks from poor environmental quality, climatic change and natural resource scarcity may affect economic growth in the coming decades. CIRCLE has generated quantitative projections for economic growth which reflect the costs of policy inaction on climate change, outdoor air pollution and other environmental issues. These reference projections improve OECD projections of "baseline" economic growth.